Though land cover/land use (LCLU) maps are produced from classification of satellite imagery, I don't know if you can find such information in Google Earth. However, you can access this information worldwide from different sources:
For Europe, you can have a look on:
Another source might be OpenStreetMap, which has landuse tags (and also the less used landcover tag). An interesting project is this land use map derived from OpenStreetMap:
Finally, many countries also produced their own LCLU maps/database. You may check for the countries you want...
As mentioned by @ahmadhanb, after having download these data, you might use a GIS software such as QGIS or ArcGIS to extract land cover classes by location.