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Is it possible to place labels inside specified polygons in QGIS?

Case: I have a material which consist of water areas and various small islands. They are separated shapefiles. I would like to label the islands so that the label is placed always on the water area (-shapefile) next to the island. The islands are not equal in shape and size so the normal x and y based placement method is out of the question.

  • Make centroid layer and then move labels where you want. – nagib Feb 22 '17 at 6:41
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    use the EasyLabel plugin to move the labels as required? – Ian Turton Feb 22 '17 at 9:02
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I think one way is to use geometry functions on data defined placement.

Placement -> Data defined -> Coordinate x -> edit -> x_max( $geometry ) and same Coordinate y -> edit -> y(centroid($geometry)) OR maybe better: y_max( $geometry )

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Alternatively, with following Placement parameters:

  • Placement: Using perimeter
  • Allowed positions: Below line & Line orientation dependent position
  • Distance: 5.0 mm (for bigger text size)

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