As I commented earlier, the service you reference is an OGC WMS, it is not a tile server and you cannot request tiles from it in the same way as the referenced AGOL service.
The service end point is: http://ows.geobase.ca/wms/geobase_en? I can tell from the response that the service is provided by MapServer, but normally knowing which software provides a service is not important, you just need to understand how the standard is implemented.
To understand which operations are available for any WMS you need to do a GetCapabilities request like:
This gives you the names of the layers that are available, the extent of the layers, whether the data is restricted by scale, the supported coordinate reference systems etc.
To obtain a map you need to make a GetMap request like: