While writing some unit tests I thought it would be convenient/possible to use ProjNet to convert from EPSG:4326 into several other coordinate systems (3875,3395). I figured it would be as easy as grabbing the WKT values from spatialreference.org:

Add a reference to ProjNet and running the following code:

var cf = new ProjNet.CoordinateSystems.CoordinateSystemFactory ( );
var f = new ProjNet.CoordinateSystems.Transformations.CoordinateTransformationFactory ( );
var sys4326 = cf.CreateFromWkt ( wkt4326 );
var sys3857 = cf.CreateFromWkt ( wkt3857 );
var sys3395 = cf.CreateFromWkt ( wkt3395 );
var transformTo3875 = f.CreateFromCoordinateSystems ( sys4326, sys3857 );
var transformTo3395 = f.CreateFromCoordinateSystems ( sys4326, sys3395 );

But 3857 and 3395 could not be parsed. I googled around and found a workable 3857 though I haven't confirmed it produces a correct result. I continue to get an error parsing 3395 (Expecting ('PROJECTION') but got a 'UNIT' at line 1 column 296.).

Perhaps the "OGC WKT" can be modified in a predicable way to work with ProjNet? Or perhaps ProjNet is not the best .NET solution for re-projecting coordinates?

const string wkt4326 = "GEOGCS[\"WGS 84\",DATUM[\"WGS_1984\",SPHEROID[\"WGS 84\",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY[\"EPSG\",\"7030\"]],AUTHORITY[\"EPSG\",\"6326\"]],PRIMEM[\"Greenwich\",0,AUTHORITY[\"EPSG\",\"8901\"]],UNIT[\"degree\",0.01745329251994328,AUTHORITY[\"EPSG\",\"9122\"]],AUTHORITY[\"EPSG\",\"4326\"]]";
const string wkt3857 = "PROJCS[\"Popular Visualisation CRS / Mercator\", GEOGCS[\"Popular Visualisation CRS\", DATUM[\"Popular Visualisation Datum\", SPHEROID[\"Popular Visualisation Sphere\", 6378137, 0, AUTHORITY[\"EPSG\",\"7059\"]], TOWGS84[0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0], AUTHORITY[\"EPSG\",\"6055\"] ], PRIMEM[\"Greenwich\", 0, AUTHORITY[\"EPSG\", \"8901\"]], UNIT[\"degree\", 0.0174532925199433, AUTHORITY[\"EPSG\", \"9102\"]], AXIS[\"E\", EAST], AXIS[\"N\", NORTH], AUTHORITY[\"EPSG\",\"4055\"] ], PROJECTION[\"Mercator\"], PARAMETER[\"False_Easting\", 0], PARAMETER[\"False_Northing\", 0], PARAMETER[\"Central_Meridian\", 0], PARAMETER[\"Latitude_of_origin\", 0], UNIT[\"metre\", 1, AUTHORITY[\"EPSG\", \"9001\"]], AXIS[\"East\", EAST], AXIS[\"North\", NORTH], AUTHORITY[\"EPSG\",\"3785\"]]";
const string wkt3395 = "PROJCS[\"WGS 84 / World Mercator\",GEOGCS[\"WGS 84\",DATUM[\"WGS_1984\",SPHEROID[\"WGS 84\",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY[\"EPSG\",\"7030\"]],AUTHORITY[\"EPSG\",\"6326\"]],PRIMEM[\"Greenwich\",0,AUTHORITY[\"EPSG\",\"8901\"]],UNIT[\"degree\",0.01745329251994328,AUTHORITY[\"EPSG\",\"9122\"]],AUTHORITY[\"EPSG\",\"4326\"]],UNIT[\"metre\",1,AUTHORITY[\"EPSG\",\"9001\"]],PROJECTION[\"Mercator_1SP\"],PARAMETER[\"central_meridian\",0],PARAMETER[\"scale_factor\",1],PARAMETER[\"false_easting\",0],PARAMETER[\"false_northing\",0],AUTHORITY[\"EPSG\",\"3395\"],AXIS[\"Easting\",EAST],AXIS[\"Northing\",NORTH]]";
  • projnet.codeplex.com/discussions/268940 discusses 3857 issue.
    – ca0v
    Apr 13 '12 at 18:25
  • 1
    Moving the AUTHORITY to be final element in the WKT resolves this issue. Make sure the WKT follows the syntax diagram shown here <coordinate system> = <projected cs> | <geographic cs> | <geocentric cs> <projected cs> = PROJCS["<name>", <geographic cs>, <projection>, {<parameter>,}* <linear unit>] <projection> = PROJECTION["<name>"] <parameter> = PARAMETER["<name>", <value>] <value> = <number>
    – ca0v
    Apr 13 '12 at 19:52

I had the same error (with a different SRID). Solution was to use the/an Esri WKT on spatialreference.org, which does not cause an issue with the ProjNet CoordinateSystemWktReader

  • 1
    Very good info and should probably be the answer! Thank you. Feb 18 '20 at 18:46

I found that manually conforming my WKT to the BNF described here eliminates the errors. Content repeated below:

<coordinate system> = <projected cs> | <geographic cs> | <geocentric cs>
<projected cs> = PROJCS["<name>", <geographic cs>, <projection>, {<parameter>,}* <linear unit>]
<projection> = PROJECTION["<name>"]
<parameter> = PARAMETER["<name>", <value>]
<value> = <number>

<geographic cs> = GEOGCS["<name>", <datum>, <prime meridian>, <angular unit>]
<datum> = DATUM["<name>", <spheroid>]
<spheroid> = SPHEROID["<name>", <semi-major axis>, <inverse flattening>]
<semi-major axis> = <number> NOTE: semi-major axis is measured in meters and must be > 0.
<inverse flattening> = <number>
<prime meridian> = PRIMEM["<name>", <longitude>]
<longitude> = <number>

<angular unit> = <unit>
<linear unit> = <unit>
<unit> = UNIT["<name>", <conversion factor>]
<conversion factor> = <number>

<geocentric cs> = GEOCCS["<name>", <datum>, <prime meridian>, <linear unit>]

So for my specific problem (EPSG:3395) the resulting WKT would be:

PROJCS["WGS 84 / World Mercator",
    GEOGCS["WGS 84",
            SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,
    PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0], // required, missing from spatialreference.org

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