My netcdf file coonsists of radar rainfall data in aeqd projection (azimuthal equidistant projection). Each file consists of 5952 timestamps(7.5 minutes resolution) of rainfall values for 1kmx1km grids.

I want to reproject from aeqd to UTM33 using gdalwarp in commandline as follows.

gdalwarp -t_srs "+proj=utm +zone=33 +ellps=WGS84 +datum=WGS84 +units=m +no_defs" -of netCDF C:/Radar/precip_aeqd-1000.201408.nc C:/Radar/RadarPrecip_UTM33proj.nc

I get error message that

Input file C:/Radar/precip_aeqd-1000.201408.nc has no raster bands.

Why do I get this error message?

I want to get output as reprojected netcdf file with utm33 1kmx1km grids.

  • 1
    You need to specify the subdataset to warp. See gis.stackexchange.com/questions/123107/… for the syntax. gdalinfo tells you the name of the subdatasets.
    – AndreJ
    Commented Jun 3, 2017 at 10:49
  • By using gdalinfo, I found the subdatasets as follows. Subdataset_1 - equivalent_reflectivity_factor [5545x480x480] Subdataset_2 - lat Subdataset_3 - lon I am not clear how to specify the subdataset to warp.
    – Engkugan
    Commented Jun 3, 2017 at 11:51
  • 1
    The srcfile part of gdalwarp has to be something like NETCDF:"path/to/file/filename":subdatasetname.
    – AndreJ
    Commented Jun 3, 2017 at 12:30
  • I modified as you advised and run. I got the following warnings. Warning 1: NetCDF driver detected file type=5, but libnetcdf detected type=3. Warning: The target file has a 'nc' extension, which is normally used by the GMT, netCDF drivers, but the requested output driver is GTiff. Is it really what you want? Anyhow, I got the output file. However, when I open the file using netcdf4/Python, I get error message that file is not netcdf file format.
    – Engkugan
    Commented Jun 6, 2017 at 9:17
  • Can you add the new command line to your question?
    – AndreJ
    Commented Jun 6, 2017 at 9:51

1 Answer 1


I got it working in two steps for the first band:

gdal_translate -a_ullr -240500 240500 239500 -239500 -a_srs "+proj=aeqd +lat_0=59.458925 +lon_0=10.564472 +R=6371000 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +units=m +no_defs" -a_nodata 9.96921e+036 -b 1 HDF5:"precip_aeqd-1000.201408.nc"://equivalent_reflectivity_factor precip-aeqd-1.tif
gdalwarp -overwrite -t_srs EPSG:25833 -tr 1000 1000 precip-aeqd.tif precip-utm-1.tif

This does not use the geoloc information in subdataset 2 and 3, but the corner coordinates from those subdatasets, converted to aeqd with

cs2cs +init=epsg:4326 +to +proj=aeqd +lat_0=59.458925 +lon_0=10.564472 +R=6371000 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +units=m +no_defs corners.txt >aeqd.txt 

and added 500m offset from mid cell to the edge. I omitted datum=WGS84 from the projection because this conflicts with the given radius.

This is my result, with the corner points from the subdatasets 2 and 3:

enter image description here

For all 5545 bands, you better use a vrt file:

gdal_translate -of VRT -a_ullr -240500 240500 239500 -239500 -a_srs "+proj=aeqd +lat_0=59.458925 +lon_0=10.564472 +R=6371000 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +units=m +no_defs" -a_nodata 9.96921e+036 HDF5:"precip_aeqd-1000.201408.nc"://equivalent_reflectivity_factor precip-aeqd.vrt
gdalwarp -of GTiff -co COMPRESS=LZW -t_srs EPSG:25833 -tr 1000 1000 precip-aeqd.vrt precip-utm.tif

but the resulting tif is 2.4GB even with compression.

  • Thank you very much. It is working well but I did some modifications.. When I use your aeqd projection text, output does not placed right location. I used aeqd projection from metadata and used it "+proj=aeqd +lat_0=59.458925 +lon_0=0 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +a=6371000 +b=6371000 +units=m +no_defs" and instead of 240000, I used 240500. It reprojected to right position.
    – Engkugan
    Commented Jun 9, 2017 at 7:47
  • By using gdal_translate - of VRT, I got precip-aeqd.vrt and then used gdalwarp to the fianl output file precip-utm.tif. I get warning as follows. Warning 1: Metadata exceeding 32000 bytes cannot be written into GeoTIFF. Transferred to PAM instead.
    – Engkugan
    Commented Jun 9, 2017 at 7:56
  • This warning is a restriction of the GeoTIFF format. Are you sure about +lon_0=0?
    – AndreJ
    Commented Jun 9, 2017 at 7:57
  • As I asked initially, can I get the final output as netcdf file after reprojection?
    – Engkugan
    Commented Jun 9, 2017 at 8:00
  • Are you sure about +lon_0=0? Yes,I think. I got the projection text from the file metadata. Further, I plotted the output in Arcmap. It placed on the right location.
    – Engkugan
    Commented Jun 9, 2017 at 8:03

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