I'm using ogr2ogr in a bash script to merge multiple gpkg files. What I'm doing basically looks like this:

ogr2ogr -f 'gpkg' -append merged.gpkg input_file_1.gpkg
ogr2ogr -f 'gpkg' -append merged.gpkg input_file_2.gpkg
ogr2ogr -f 'gpkg' -append merged.gpkg input_file_3.gpkg

So all the input_file_x.gpkg end up in merged.gpkg. This works fine, except a new vector layer is created for every input file, which I want to avoid. As far as I understand it, the -append flag should take care of this.

From man ogr2ogr:

-append: Append to existing layer instead of creating new

All of the input files look identical in terms of attributes and geometry type.

  • 2
    From man ogr2ogr: -nln name: Assign an alternate name to the new layer. If you have layer "foo" in the GeoPackage you can add data into that by using -append -nln foo.
    – user30184
    Commented Jun 16, 2017 at 14:35
  • Thanks for the hint, I managed to merge my files. Although this seems like a bit of a hack to me. I wonder if there's a proper solution to this.
    – karpfen
    Commented Jun 18, 2017 at 13:28
  • 1
    That's how ogr2ogr is made to work. It might be possible to get the same result with ogrinfo and -SQL parameter by running something like INSERT INTO my_table VALUES ( ... but using ogr2ogr with -append and giving the name of the table where to append with -nln is the common way.
    – user30184
    Commented Jun 18, 2017 at 13:56

2 Answers 2


Have you tried ogrmerge.py, which is available since GDAL/OGR 2.2.0 ? You can run:

ogrmerge.py -f GPKG -o merged.gpkg *.gpkg

As already commented you should specify the layer name with -nln to make sure all geopackages are written to this layer.

ogr2ogr -f 'gpkg' -append -nln layer123 merged.gpkg input_file_1.gpkg
ogr2ogr -f 'gpkg' -append -nln layer123 merged.gpkg input_file_2.gpkg
ogr2ogr -f 'gpkg' -append -nln layer123 merged.gpkg input_file_3.gpkg

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