I have a problem importing an kml 2.1 file generated with geotools 17.1 into qgis 2.8.

Qgis refuses to import, google earth imports it and if I save it in google earth qgis is willing to import it.

ogrinfo says:

 ogrinfo test.kml 
 ERROR 4: ERROR Parseing kml test.kml :Invalid root element
 ERROR 4: ERROR Parseing kml test.kml :Invalid root element

after saving it with google earth:

 ogrinfo test-ge.kml 
 INFO: Open of `test-ge.kml'
       using driver `LIBKML' successful.
 1: test-ge

This is the kml generated by geottols

 <kml:kml xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:kml="http://earth.google.com/kml/2.1">
      <kml:Document id="featureCollection">
          <kml:Placemark id="guuid.27bed6fb-02ba-4536-8710-914fac29e236">
              <kml:name>"Grünliches etwas"</kml:name>
              <kml:description>DE-BB-Onlineeingabe null 2017-06-07

This is the kml after saving it in google-eart:

 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <kml xmlns="http://www.opengis.net/kml/2.2" xmlns:gx="http://www.google.com/kml/ext/2.2" xmlns:kml="http://www.opengis.net/kml/2.2" xmlns:atom="http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom">
 <Document id="featureCollection">
         <Placemark id="guuid.27bed6fb-02ba-4536-8710-914fac29e236">
                 <name>&quot;Grünliches etwas&quot;</name>
                 <description>DE-BB-Onlineeingabe null 2017-06-07</description>

If I remove the namespace from the getools variant ogrinfo and qgis excepts it.

Is the namespace really invalid in kml? Or is gdal/orginfo/qgis to strict?


here is the code used:

public void export(Collection<Occurrence> occurrences, OutputStream os)
  SimpleFeatureCollection features = createSampleFeatures(occurrences, false);
  Encoder encoder = new Encoder(new KMLConfiguration());
 encoder.encode(features, KML.kml, os);
  catch (IOException e)
 String message = "Failure to encode KMLConfiguration.";
 throw new FloradbException(FloradbError.INTERNAL_ERROR, message + e);

protected SimpleFeatureCollection createSampleFeatures(
 Collection<Occurrence> occurrences, boolean withLink)
  SimpleFeatureTypeBuilder typeBuilder = new SimpleFeatureTypeBuilder();
  typeBuilder.add("geometry", Geometry.class, DefaultGeographicCRS.WGS84);
  typeBuilder.add("name", String.class);
  typeBuilder.add("description", Object.class);
  SimpleFeatureType type = typeBuilder.buildFeatureType();

  SimpleFeatureBuilder featureBuilder = new SimpleFeatureBuilder(type);
  List<SimpleFeature> simpleFeatures = new ArrayList<>();
  CoordinateTransformerFactory factory = new CoordinateTransformerFactory();

  Iterator<Occurrence> iterator = occurrences.iterator();
  while (iterator.hasNext())
 Occurrence occurrence = iterator.next();
 String wkt;
 if (occurrence.getSample().getPosition().getWktEpsg() == 4326)
    wkt = occurrence.getSample().getPosition().getWkt();
    CoordinateTransformer transformer = factory
    wkt = transformer

 WKTReader wktReader = new WKTReader();
    Geometry geom = wktReader.read(wkt);
 catch (ParseException e)
    String message = "Failure to convert wkt to Geometrie.";
    throw new FloradbException(FloradbError.INTERNAL_ERROR,
      message + e);
 String link;
    link = "<a href=\"http://" + homeUrl + "/#!quellendetails//"
         + occurrence.getSample().getSurvey().getId() + "\">"
         + occurrence.getSample().getSurvey().getTitle() + "</a>";
    link = occurrence.getSample().getSurvey().getTitle();
       .add(link + " "
         + StringFormatter.getNullSafeStringRepresentation(
         + " " + occurrence.getSample().getDate() + " Fund-UUID: "
         + occurrence.getUuid());
       .buildFeature("uuid." + occurrence.getUuid().toString()));

  return DataUtilities.collection(simpleFeatures);
  • What happens if you delete the double quotas around the kml:name in the GeoTools variant?
    – user30184
    Commented Jul 5, 2017 at 9:40
  • @user30184 the same error - i've also removed the german umlaut
    – dve
    Commented Jul 5, 2017 at 9:43
  • can you add the code you used to write it?
    – Ian Turton
    Commented Jul 5, 2017 at 13:03
  • This is weird as both GDAL/OGR and GoogleEarth are using the same LIbKML (in theory)
    – Ian Turton
    Commented Jul 5, 2017 at 13:37
  • I can also confirm that the other KML driver can't read files with a kml: namespace either
    – Ian Turton
    Commented Jul 5, 2017 at 13:39

1 Answer 1


This seems to be a bug in the OGR KML drivers - I've raised a bug.

UPDATE This is fixed in GDAL 2.2.2

In the meantime a temporary work around is to remove the kml: from the output.

SimpleFeatureCollection featureCollection = DataUtilities.collection(list);

Encoder encoder = new Encoder(new KMLConfiguration());
ByteArrayOutputStream os = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
try {
  encoder.encode(featureCollection, KML.kml, os );
  String out = os.toString().replaceAll("kml:", "");
} catch (Exception e) {
  // TODO Auto-generated catch block

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