Is there anyway to have access to minimum and maximum pixel values from multi-band raster using Python in QGIS? This is QGIS and I loaded 3 different bands as rasters.

Histogram Min and Max

If there's a way to have access to them. How to do it?

GetDefaultHistogram gives different values for minimum and maximum. See below:


Is there a way to get the scale numbers from the histogram? For all bands?

  • By using QgsRasterDataProvider objects to calculate statistic through QgsRasterBandStats objects.
    – xunilk
    Jul 26, 2017 at 23:22
  • The colors: RED on band 1, GREEN on band 2, BLUE on band 3, are correct?? I mean they represent the colors of each band for the specific .tiff? Because in literature I have read in papers, I think band 3 = RED and band 4 = NIR. Am I missing something here?
    – Steven
    Jun 14, 2021 at 17:51

1 Answer 1


Next code works with multi band raster. It uses QgsRasterDataProvider objects to calculate statistic through QgsRasterBandStats objects.

layer = iface.activeLayer()

extent = layer.extent()

provider = layer.dataProvider()

for band in range(1, layer.bandCount() + 1):
    stats = provider.bandStatistics(band, QgsRasterBandStats.All, extent, 0)
    min = stats.minimumValue
    max = stats.maximumValue
    print 'min: {:.2f}, max: {:.2f}'.format(min, max)

After running the code with RGB raster of next image:

enter image description here

I got printed, at Python Console of QGIS, next values:

min: 62.00, max: 255.00
min: 89.00, max: 255.00
min: 90.00, max: 255.00

They are identical to reported in Metadata Layer Properties.

  • that is helpful, thanks! But still that is not quite the info I wanted. I want to get these values, if possible. (check the next answer)
    – Berna
    Jul 28, 2017 at 15:33
  • @Berna I found this works, but it might not match what you see in histogram until you load the actual min/max range of values, e.g. in the raster layer properties. It looks like QGIS histogram dialog shows the estimated stats of your raster until you do this.
    – Steven Kay
    Jul 31, 2017 at 18:55

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