This is my first project in QGIS and I'm also quite new to Python. PyQGIS is more than a challenge for me!

I found code in How to programmatically set a rule-based renderer in QGIS? to set a rule based renderer which is exactly what I need for my project! I Already slightly modified it (only the rule expressions), so that it would fit into my project.

I got all my "sub points" listed with the correct color in my layer window. But the actual points on the canvas are gone!

Here is my function so far:

def change_color2():
        inputlayer = QgsMapLayerRegistry.instance().mapLayersByName('points')[0]
        print ('points-layer found')
        idx = inputlayer.fieldNameIndex('amenity')
        if not idx:
            print ('"amenity" does not exist')
            print ('"amenity" does exist')
            # define some rules: label, expression, color name, (min scale, max scale)
            poi_rules = (
            ('restaurant', '"type" LIKE \'restaurant\'', 'red', None),
            ('school', '"type" LIKE \'school\'', 'green', None),
            ('pub', '"type" LIKE \'pub\'', 'orange', (10.0, 10000.0,)),)
            # create a new rule-based renderer
            symbol = QgsSymbolV2.defaultSymbol(inputlayer.geometryType())
            renderer = QgsRuleBasedRendererV2(symbol)
            # get the "root" rule
            root_rule = renderer.rootRule()
            for label, expression, color_name, scale in poi_rules:
                # create a clone (i.e. a copy) of the default rule
                rule = root_rule.children()[0].clone()
                # set the label, expression and color
                # set the scale limits if they have been specified
                if scale is not None:
                # append the rule to the list of rules
            # delete the default rule
            # apply the renderer to the layer

    except IndexError:
        print ('points does not exist')

...do I have do take all possibilities of "amenity" into the renderer rules? Because I just picked those of interest by now... And isn't it necessary to iterate through the features to update them and also important the refresh map canvas? If so, I unfortunately don't have a clue how/where to implement in the existing code.

Some screenshots: point size are set to 2 millimeters and should be visible

  • Try adding inputlayer.triggerRepaint() at the end to refresh the layer. You could also use iface.legendInterface().refreshLayerSymbology(inputlayer) to refresh the legend symbology.
    – Joseph
    Aug 3, 2017 at 9:49
  • unfortunately doesn't seem to work ether :/
    – Nico
    Aug 3, 2017 at 10:08
  • What happens if you switch off all the other layers? Can the points be seen? If you right-click the points layer and go to Properties > Style, double-click a symbol and click the Test button to see if your expression is valid.
    – Joseph
    Aug 3, 2017 at 10:12
  • found the error, had to change "style" to "amenity"... so stupid - I'm sorry for your time Joseph, should definitely find it myself! 😅
    – Nico
    Aug 3, 2017 at 10:19

1 Answer 1


found the answer, just had to change "style" to "amenity" to make it work... for better understanding, the syntax for the expression is:


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