I'm trying to install gdal on my new computer in the anaconda environment using conda but having issues. All I've done so far is install Anaconda for python 3.6 and install gdal as described here + a few other libraries using both conda and pip.

Trouble is when I try to run from "osgeo import gdal" the iPython console in spyder I get this error, which I'm not smart enough to interpret on my own:

Traceback (most recent call last):

File "", line 1, in from osgeo import gdal

File "/anaconda/lib/python3.6/site-packages/osgeo/init.py", line 21, in _gdal = swig_import_helper()

File "/anaconda/lib/python3.6/site-packages/osgeo/init.py", line 17, in swig_import_helper _mod = imp.load_module('_gdal', fp, pathname, description)

File "/anaconda/lib/python3.6/imp.py", line 242, in load_module return load_dynamic(name, filename, file)

File "/anaconda/lib/python3.6/imp.py", line 342, in load_dynamic return _load(spec)

ImportError: dlopen(/anaconda/lib/python3.6/site->>>>packages/osgeo/_gdal.cpython-36m-darwin.so, 2): Library not loaded: >>>>@rpath/libicui18n.58.dylib Referenced from: /anaconda/lib/libgdal.20.dylib Reason: image not found

Is there a problem with the conda install of gdal I'm using, or am I missing a piece?

Is there a different/easier way to start using gdal than this?

  • Anaconda has gdal 2.10 included. Is there a reason to install a version from the conda-forge channel?
    – Kersten
    Aug 14, 2017 at 8:56
  • Oh, if that's the case I've been mislead. I was under the impression Anaconda stopped including GDAL a long time ago and i'd need to install it on my own. Perhaps installing the conda-forge version broke things. Aug 14, 2017 at 19:43
  • I re-installed macOS and anaconda on my MacBook and tried to install goal from the Anaconda channel but it wouldn't install. Instead I got this: UnsatisfiableError: The following specifications were found to be in conflict: - gdal -> numpy 1.8* -> python 2.6* -> openssl 1.0.1* - python 3.6* Use "conda info <package>" to see the dependencies for each package. Aug 14, 2017 at 21:01
  • I have to revise my comment. The link states GDAL is available for Linux/Mac with Python3.6 but not included in the installer. My bad.
    – Kersten
    Aug 15, 2017 at 13:36
  • 1
    The gdal package is available on conda but it basically never works on MacOS. Jun 26, 2018 at 2:14

1 Answer 1


I've found that the dependency versions are a bit messed up. GDAL is relying on there being older versions of certain libraries, but newer ones are installed by default. I've managed to get it working by forcing older versions of some of the dependencies. A minimal working environment.yml looks like this:

name: gis_project
  - conda-forge
  - defaults
  - gdal=2.3.1
  - ncurses=5.9=10
  - libspatialite=4.3.0a=19

In a new directory, run conda env create, activate the environment conda activate gis_project and check it works.

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