This question already has an answer here:

My GIS knowledge is somewhat limited.

One of the main problems I run into with Shapefiles is their low character limit of 256 in fields.

Are there geospatial file types that can handle much higher character limits (10s of 1000s or higher), while still being structured for querying and projection in either ArcMap or QGIS?

merged by PolyGeo Oct 20 '17 at 0:52

This question was merged with Alternatives to Shapefiles as open-source, cross platform dataset types [closed] because it is an exact duplicate of that question.