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I have 16 town point shapefiles. I have a layer of 2900 centroids for lots.

I need to determine the nearest town for each of the centroids.

The option I came up with is to Split by Attribute by name, thus creating 2900 point layers for the centroids, then doing the Near tool for each centroid. This will take a long time and may even crash ArcMap. There is probably a script for it, but I am very new to python.

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There is no need for a script.

  1. Start by merging all the towns into one point feature class.

  2. Generate Near Table with Lots as input_features and the merged Towns as near_features:

Calculates distances and other proximity information between features in one or more feature class or layer. Unlike the Near tool, which modifies the input, Generate Near Table writes results to a new stand-alone table and supports finding more than one near feature.

  1. Join Towns to the Near Table.
  2. Join the resulting table to the Lots
  3. Export to a new feature class

You will now have a feature class of all the lots with information about the closest Town.

  • Do you know why the Near Table came out blank? – Amy Boddah Nov 2 '17 at 14:44
  • No you probably did something wrong. Are the feature classes in the same coordinate system? You could also try on a selection of you data. – BERA Nov 2 '17 at 14:45
  • I got the Table to work - changed the coordinate system - thank you. But how do I add the Towns to the Near Table when there are only 17 features and 2900 in the Near Table? – Amy Boddah Nov 2 '17 at 15:21
  • @AmyBoddah if you dont need the distance information you could do Spatial Join with match option closest – BERA Nov 2 '17 at 15:22
  • Ok nice. You need to join them together. Right click the table and then join – BERA Nov 2 '17 at 15:23

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