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I want to know a way where the Hierarchy in my network analyst doesn't influence that much.

What happens is that when making shortest route it makes a 25-mile route, with the hierarchy it chooses to make a 40-mile route, choosing a principal road that goes a lot further than I need.

How can I make my Hierarchy more customizable, so it picks the better roads but without making so larger routes?

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    What are your hierarchy values, and what are they on those two roads? – Midavalo Nov 20 '17 at 3:09
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Cost in Network Analysis is a way to set costs for each hierarchy level of segments. If you want to learn how to use cost in a network practically, follow the Network Analyst Tutorial. Download tutorial data. An example of what you want can be found in "Workflow" folder,"OfficeBuilding" geodatabase. In this geodatabase:

  • Open Transportation dataset.

  • Double click to the Transportation_ND. Go to the Attribute tab.

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  • In the Attribute tab double click "WalkTime" (Walk time is a sample of cost in Network).

  • In the "Evaluators" window double click to the "FloorTransitions".

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Ok.You need to use script to cost each of levels. Suppose your Hierarchy field name is "Type" and "1" means "Highways".

If [Type] = 1 Then
    N = 1 
If .... Then 
   N = ...

   result = N+5

Simple solution of using cost:

  1. Create a new Field in the network, named HiCost (Feel free to name this field).
  2. Calculate the costs of each hierarchy level in the field. ex: set 5 for all highways. 3 for all mainstreets and ... .
  3. Create a Cost with Integer data type then set this field for it.

This video can be help you for the simple solution.

Note: Be sure your network one-way and directions are correct. They are very important.

  • wouldnt it be if [type] == 1 then.... – NULL.Dude Nov 30 '17 at 13:39
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For some reason the Hierarchy doesnt work out the way is expected. So, a way I found it was just create restrictions. Where the Primary roads where "prefer High" restriction, Secondary Roads where "Prefer Medium" and son on. It worked really well.

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