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Have a binary raster. I would like to remove any 'islands' that are fully surrounded by one of the classes while leaving the 'islands' that are fully surrounded by the other.

If 1 is enveloped by 0, then reclassify to 0. If 0 is enveloped by 1, leave as one.

Essentially a select by location, but for raster. This is super easy in vector - struggling to find a solution in raster. Am I overlooking the obvious?

Platforms of choice are Arc or QGIS.

closed as too broad by PolyGeo Dec 21 '17 at 4:24

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    Could you specify which tools you use? – Lennert De Feyter Dec 21 '17 at 0:36
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    What particular GIS software do you wish to ask about? – PolyGeo Dec 21 '17 at 0:37
  • Arc, QGIS, Imagine – user71015 Dec 21 '17 at 1:02
  • Raster to polygon, fix (you say this is super easy in vector), then polygon to raster. – Michael Stimson Dec 21 '17 at 1:42
  • Or you can get away with a combination of raster calculator in Arc toolbox. the following string will get rid of the lonely '1' values. . Con((FocalStatistics("%test.tif%",NbrRectangle(3,3,"CELL"),"SUM")==1) & ("%test.tif%"==1),0,"%test.tif%") To get rid of the 0 values: Con((FocalStatistics("%test.tif%",NbrRectangle(3,3,"CELL"),"SUM")==8) & ("%test.tif%"==0),1,"%test.tif%") – Lennert De Feyter Dec 21 '17 at 1:49