I ran the World geocoder service through AGOL on a lot of points (I forgot how expensive it is - dumb dumb mistake, alas!). Worse still, the ArcMap Desktop mxd where I had the results open as I was going through the Tied records and manually matching them, died in the middle of the process, before I saved the mxd. Ack!!! I am trying to figure out if I can get those geocoder results back into Desktop somehow, but I don’t know where to look for them. They better be retrievable, given how much they cost me! I have a standalone Standard ArcGIS Desktop license, and an Organization ArcGIS Online account.
For your MXD, and in the geoprocessing process you have to define the source and destination where the results are stored. So there is someplace on your machine a gdb (usually in your My Documents) where the default.gdb resides.