I am using geopandas to import a shapefile and then check if a point is within that shape. I am using the shapefile found in http://opendata.atlantaregional.com/datasets/cities-georgia?geometry=-87.766%2C33.036%2C-81.448%2C34.633 to get the shape of Atlanta. However, whenever I "ask" if a point is within that shape (the point is surely within the shape), the function returns False. I have tried creating a Polygon and then asking if a point is within that polygon and it works as expected.

I don't know what else to do to troubleshot or debug this issue.

I am doing all of this using a jupyter notebook. Here is the MWE: https://github.com/vcaballero-salle/mwe-shapefile

The code looks like (full code with imports can be found at the github repo, in the README.md):

shape = gp.read_file(r'./Cities_Georgia/Cities_Georgia.shp')

atlanta_shape = shape[shape["Name"] == "Atlanta"]



# In[10]:

def within_shape(df, shapes):
    in_shape = []
    for sh in shapes.geometry:
        within = df.within(sh)
    return in_shape

print(within_shape(Point(33.751079, -84.443274), atlanta_shape)) # This returns [False]
  • Is't your point rather close to the South Pole?
    – user30184
    Commented Jan 20, 2018 at 11:56
  • @user30184 the point is in the middle of Atlanta
    – vicaba
    Commented Jan 20, 2018 at 13:24
  • WKT takes coordinates in longitude-latitude order. Flip your coordinates and try again.
    – user30184
    Commented Jan 20, 2018 at 14:30
  • @user30184 it is working now! Thank you! So, .shp is in WKT format?
    – vicaba
    Commented Jan 20, 2018 at 14:34
  • Your reference geometry that you give as "POINT(...)" is expressed as Well Known Text.
    – user30184
    Commented Jan 20, 2018 at 16:24

1 Answer 1


You inverted the "Latitude" and "Longitude" when you create the point...

print(within_shape(Point(-84.443274, 33.751079), atlanta_shape)) #This returns [True]

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