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My function fnc returns as Image but on using the ee.ImageCollection(dates.map(fnc)), it returns an error ImageCollection (Error) ImageCollection.fromImages: Attempt to create an ImageCollection with non-image elements. in the code below.

var Date_Start = ee.Date('2015-05-01');
var Date_End = ee.Date('2017-12-01');
var Date_window = ee.Number(30);

// Create list of dates for time series
var n_months = Date_End.difference(Date_Start,'month').round();
var dates = ee.List.sequence(0,n_months,1);
var make_datelist = function(n) {
  return Date_Start.advance(n,'month')
}
dates = dates.map(make_datelist);

var fnc = function(d1) {
  var start = ee.Date(d1);
  var end = ee.Date(d1).advance(1,'month');
  var date_range = ee.DateRange(start,end);
  var S1 = ee.ImageCollection('COPERNICUS/S1_GRD')
    .filterDate(date_range)
    .filter(ee.Filter.listContains('transmitterReceiverPolarisation', 'VV'))
    .filter(ee.Filter.eq('instrumentMode', 'IW'))

  return(S1.first())
}

var mt = ee.ImageCollection(dates.map(fnc));
print(mt)

How can I get the image collection back from the mapped function?

EDIT After trying further, I am now getting a similar error while mosaicing two images (this time from Landsat 5) and then returning the mosaic. Code is below:

var p1 = ee.Geometry.Point([103.521,13.028]);
var p2 = ee.Geometry.Point([105.622,13.050]);

var Date_Start = ee.Date('2000-05-01');
var Date_End = ee.Date('2007-12-01');
var Date_window = ee.Number(30);

// Create list of dates for time series
var n_months = Date_End.difference(Date_Start,'month').round();
var dates = ee.List.sequence(0,n_months,1);
var make_datelist = function(n) {
  return Date_Start.advance(n,'month');
};
dates = dates.map(make_datelist);
var fnc = function(d1) {
  var start = ee.Date(d1);
  var end = ee.Date(d1).advance(14,'month');
  var date_range = ee.DateRange(start,end);
  var S1 = ee.ImageCollection('LANDSAT/LT5_L1T_TOA') 
    .filterDate(date_range)
    .sort('CLOUD_COVER')
    .filterBounds(p1).first()

  var S2 = ee.ImageCollection('LANDSAT/LT5_L1T_TOA')
    .filterDate(date_range)
    .sort('CLOUD_COVER')
    .filterBounds(p2).first()

  var mosaic = ee.ImageCollection([ee.Image(S1), ee.Image(S2)]).mosaic();
  var image = mosaic.clip(TSL);


  return mosaic
};

var list_of_images = dates.map(fnc);
print('list_of_images', list_of_images);
var mt = ee.ImageCollection(list_of_images);
print(mt);
Map.addLayer(mt, {}, 'mt');

ERROR: List (Error) ImageCollection.fromImages: Attempt to create an ImageCollection with non-image elements.

  • If it complains about non-image elements, you probably have non-image elements...can you the give sample output of the function? (console.log it). Also make sure your function is correct. The API docs say you should use ee.ImageCollection.fromImages() – Senshi Jan 26 '18 at 8:53
4

The error

ImageCollection.fromImages: Attempt to create an ImageCollection with non-image elements.

will occur if you are attempting to create an image collection from a list of null objects. In your code, this will occur if you attempt to take the .first() element of an empty month-filtered S1 collection. The following code demonstrates this, by filtering the monthly collections to a region in the ocean where no Sentinel-1 images have been collected:

var geometry = ee.Geometry.Point([-136.14, 35.17]);
var Date_Start = ee.Date('2015-05-01');
var Date_End = ee.Date('2017-12-01');
var Date_window = ee.Number(30);

// Create list of dates for time series
var n_months = Date_End.difference(Date_Start,'month').round();
var dates = ee.List.sequence(0,n_months,1);
var make_datelist = function(n) {
  return Date_Start.advance(n,'month');
};
dates = dates.map(make_datelist);

var fnc = function(d1) {
  var start = ee.Date(d1);
  var end = ee.Date(d1).advance(1,'month');
  var date_range = ee.DateRange(start,end);
  var S1 = ee.ImageCollection('COPERNICUS/S1_GRD')
    .filterDate(date_range)
    .filter(ee.Filter.listContains('transmitterReceiverPolarisation', 'VV'))
    .filter(ee.Filter.eq('instrumentMode', 'IW'))
    .filterBounds(geometry);
  return(S1.first());
};

var list_of_images = dates.map(fnc);
print('list_of_images', list_of_images);
var mt = ee.ImageCollection(list_of_images);
print(mt);
Map.addLayer(mt, {}, 'mt');

If you instead you modify the filters so that at least one of the monthly collections has an image, the error will be avoided and your object mt will be a valid image collection.

  • Thanks a lot @Tyler. That partially solved the issue. However, on further coding, the same error is showing up when I use 2 Landsat images and return a mosaic of them. I checked that the individual images are not null.The code is in the edited question above. Thanks. – shahryar Jan 27 '18 at 17:49
  • Your second code listing is quite different... different image characteristics, includes cloud masking, uses a mosaic reducer, etc. How about starting a new question that describes the bigger picture issue you are trying to solve? Something along the lines of: "How do you generate a collection of Landsat cloud-masked monthly composites?" or whatever question best describes the goal of your second code listing. – Tyler Erickson Jan 28 '18 at 1:39
  • Ok, I have posted a new question. Hope to get a solution soon. Thanks for your suggestion. – shahryar Jan 28 '18 at 1:40

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