I try to export an shp from Python using geopandas with this:

#Create a output path for the data
out = r"C:\Users\hhh\Desktop\ge.shp"

## Write those rows into a new Shapefile 

and I get this error:

ValueError: Invalid field type <class 'shapely.geometry.polygon.Polygon'>

The type of the df is geopandas.geodataframe.GeoDataFrame and I have done some geoprocessing which may be causing errors at the output. Also, it gives an output but when I open it, it shows nothing and the attribute table is also empty.

I checked this with another case by taking a subset from an shp read in python:

out = r"C:\Users\hhh\Desktop\hid.shp"

selection = data[0:50]


and it worked.

What can be causing this problem in the first case?

  • Can you show the full traceback? And show a sample of the data? (eg data.head() and data.info()) (or ideally a reproducible example)
    – joris
    Commented Jun 14, 2018 at 13:40
  • But from the error message: do you have multiple columns with geometry data? Shapefiles can only handle a single geometry column.
    – joris
    Commented Jun 14, 2018 at 13:42
  • You are correct, I solved it like that but I hadn't inform
    – user122244
    Commented Jun 14, 2018 at 13:56
  • @joris you could answer the question
    – Bera
    Commented Jun 14, 2018 at 16:15

1 Answer 1


Shapefiles have some limitations, including:

  • They cannot have multiple columns with geometry data
  • The geometries cannot contains multiple types (so eg both Points and LineStrings)

In both cases you will get errors when trying to write a GeoDataFrame to a shapefile.

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