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I have a map of a world created in a novel. It's currently a JPEG. I imported it into QGIS as a raster layer. Now I want to add points to it and some data so that I can color code them etc.

I know how to do all this in ArcGIS but my license will expire soon so I'm trying to learn how to redo my map in QGIS.

My specific questions:

  1. What do I do in QGIS to be able to add points to the map? In ArcGIS I would save it as a shapefile and then use the "Editor" function. I can't seem to find the parallel function in QGIS.

  2. So I think this is a 2 step process: 1. Convert the raster image into a shapefile, and 2. open an editor that will allow me to draw points on the map.

closed as too broad by BERA, Dan C, ThingumaBob, Vince, Midavalo Jun 26 '18 at 20:12

Please edit the question to limit it to a specific problem with enough detail to identify an adequate answer. Avoid asking multiple distinct questions at once. See the How to Ask page for help clarifying this question. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

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    Welcome to GIS SE. As a new user, please take the Tour, which emphasizes the importance of asking one question per Question. Please edit the question to focus on one task. – Vince Jun 26 '18 at 13:24
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    Take into consideration that you can't really do what you proposed. Vector data and Raster images are separate things. You have to create a point layer (shapefile) independent of your raster image, draw the features into that shapefile, style the points, and then export your map with the points layered above your original raster image. – Gabriel C. Jun 26 '18 at 13:36
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In QGIS you go to Layer > Create Layer > New Shapefile Layer... From there a dialogue opens where you can specify the type and columns of the new shapefile.

When you right-click on the newly created Layer you can select "Toggle Editing". To add points to the Layer you need to add the "Digitizing Toolbar" in View > Toolbars > Digitizing Toolbar. The 4th button lets you "Add Point Feature".

Here are screenshots from QGIS 3.0:

"New Shapefile Layer..." in Menu

Screenshot of New Shapefile Layer... highlighted in QGIS 3.0 menu

"New Shapefile Layer" dialogue

Screenshot of New Shapefile Layer dialogue in QGIS 3.0

"Toggle Editing" in context menu

Toggle Editing highlighted in context menu in QGIS 3.0

Digitizing Toolbar in menu

Digitizing Toolbar highlighted in QGIS 3.0 menu

Digitizing Toolbar

Screenshot of Digitizing Toolbar in QGIS 3.0

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