I am new to geographical statistics so please pardon this question if it is a duplicate. I would like to test if points that are similar are more or less likely to be near each other. I am latitude and longitude data for several alligator nests. I need to know if a singly sired nest is more likely to be near another singly sired nest or not. What would be the most appropriate way to formally test this?
I recommend reading over ESRI's documentation on Patterns, Clusters, and Spatial Relationships. Even if you don't have access to ArcGIS, this is a clear, concise, and surprisingly thorough account of the available analyses.
The solution will depend on the specific structure of your data and your specific desired outcome.