I was trying to import data from files provided here http://download.geofabrik.de/europe/france.html specifically http://download.geofabrik.de/europe/france/languedoc-roussillon-latest-free.shp.zip

I'm using OGR2OGR, I ran the command

ogr2ogr append -f SQLite db.sqlite gis_osm_landuse_a_free_1.shp -dsco SPATIALITE=YES

The error I have are

ERROR 1: sqlite3_step() failed: gis_osm_landuse_a_free_1.GEOMETRY violates Geometry constraint [geom-type or SRID not allowed] (19) ERROR 1: ROLLBACK transaction failed: cannot rollback - no transaction is active ERROR 1: Unable to write feature 2026 from layer gis_osm_landuse_a_free_1.

ERROR 1: Terminating translation prematurely after failed translation of layer gis_osm_landuse_a_free_1 (use -skipfailures to skip errors)`

The corresponding spatialite tables are empty so it seems importing failed.

I have searched for solutions and it seems the Geometry column should be made lowercase.

I'm not sure about any solution, since I'm using SHP files. Is there a possible fix?

Note that many other SHP provided in the ZIP file linked above are converted without any issue. This issue happens for several SHP files.

  • Its possible the spatial reference is not recognized. You may have to update spatial references in the DB, so that the SRID is recognized.
    – enolan
    Aug 22, 2018 at 15:07
  • Probably the infamous polygon/multipolygon thing. Add -nlt PROMOTE_TO_MULTI gdal.org/ogr2ogr.html and have a new trial. I am sure that this question is duplicate of some other.
    – user30184
    Aug 22, 2018 at 15:14

1 Answer 1


user30184 was right

The generated db.sqlite must be removed for appends to work.

ogr2ogr -append -f SQLite db.sqlite gis_osm_landuse_a_free_1.shp -nlt PROMOTE_TO_MULTI -dsco SPATIALITE=YES

I had a python script add all .SHP without any other problem.

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