I am trying to add an un-georeferenced map into ArcMap as raster so that I can manually georeference it, then use it as a base to draw polygon features on top of it.
I can add in the image and roughly position it using the georeferencing tools in ArcGIS. However, if I zoom in to a scale larger than 1:4000, the image of the map I just added disappears. It will reappear again if I zoom out to 1:4000. I can't finish georeferencing or use the map as a reference to draw polygons without being able to access it at a larger scale.
My map project settings: Projection: WGS1984 UTM Zone 52N and using World Imagery basemap
Details of the map image I'm trying to georeference:
JPG, PNG, TIF (I tried all three formats) exported from a PDF. Size: 12284x6709 pixels. Scale: 1:600
Other details: The issue occurs whether or not I create pyramids when adding the image file to the map project. I also tried nearest neighbor and bilinear interpolation resampling.