# Coordinate reference system transformation

I am looking to transform the CRS of the geometry from my initial shapefile data to standard lat-long coordinates - espg 4236.

Here's the geopandas dataframe: I wrote some script below that transforms the geometry to the espg CRS.

``````geodata.crs

{'proj': 'lcc',
'lat_1': 37.06666666666667,
'lat_2': 38.43333333333333,
'lat_0': 36.5,
'lon_0': -120.5,
'x_0': 2000000,
'y_0': 500000.0000000002,
'ellps': 'GRS80',
'units': 'us-ft',
'no_defs': True}

pointsEB is point datatype:

POINT (6091769.359598021 2090180.343520682)

# Function to transform CRS projection
inProj = Proj(geodata.crs)
outProj = Proj(init='epsg:4326')

pointsEBt = []

for pt in pointsEB:

x,y = transform(inProj, outProj, pt.x, pt.y)
pointsEBt.append(Point(x,y))

Transformed Point:
pointsEBt.x, pointsEBt.y
(-68.42841348959915, 40.16978821064519) --> Located in Antartica.
``````

My question: There seems to be something going on with the conversion to lat-long CRS. I used this as reference and "+init=epsg:4326" seems to be the format. However, when I plot a transformed point on the map the location is not what I expect it to be, far from it.

• Keep in mind that, counter-intuitively, Latitude should be plotted on the Y-axis and Longitude on the X-axis. This is because these values ascend and descend on a perpendicular axis to the direction they traverse on the globe. Try swapping x for y and see if it produces your expected result? – RobinHorner Aug 31 '18 at 0:58
• What is geodata.crs? It's not EPSG:4326. How are you importing/reading this? – Michael Stimson Aug 31 '18 at 0:59
• @Michael The question has been updated with geodata.crs. I am reading the CRS system of the geometry and them attempting to transform it. – keval Aug 31 '18 at 1:05
• @RobinHorner Yeah, good point. however, I don't think that is the case here - I tried swapping x for y. – keval Aug 31 '18 at 1:08

Converting the coordinates in your `geodata` dataframe seems to work correctly if I use the geopandas `to_crs` method:

``````In : import geopandas

In : from shapely.geometry import Point

In : geodata = geopandas.GeoDataFrame(
...          {'OBJECTID': [1, 2, 3],
...           'geometry': [Point(6065941, 2104148), Point(6143913, 2209458), Point(5879149, 2203020)]},
...          crs={'proj': 'lcc', 'lat_1': 37.06666666666667, 'lat_2': 38.43333333333333, 'lat_0': 36.5, 'lon_0': -120.5, 'x_0': 2000000, 'y_0': 500000.0000000002, 'ellps': 'GRS80', 'units': 'us-ft', 'no_defs': True})

In : geodata
Out:
OBJECTID                 geometry
0         1  POINT (6065941 2104148)
1         2  POINT (6143913 2209458)
2         3  POINT (5879149 2203020)

In : geodata.to_crs(epsg=4326)
Out:
OBJECTID                                      geometry
0         1  POINT (-122.2149623348043 37.76112770415131)
1         2  POINT (-121.9509132153954 38.05391734121174)
2         3  POINT (-122.8695903725446 38.02140044156164)
``````

Those coordinates are located somewhere near San Francisco.

The reason that your above script did not work was due to the unit not being respected (see also answer of @user30184). If I add `preserve_units=True`, it does give the correct result:

``````In : import pyproj

In : inProj = pyproj.Proj(geodata.crs, preserve_units=True)
...: outProj = pyproj.Proj(init='epsg:4326')
...:

In : pt = geodata.geometry

In : x,y = pyproj.transform(inProj, outProj, pt.x, pt.y)

In : x, y
Out: (-122.2149623348043, 37.76112770415131)
``````

But still, I would personally recommend to use the geopandas `to_crs` method, which already does this correctly and is also easier to use.

• Yep - adding preserve_units=True worked for me. According to the documentation when not true it forces the units to be in meters. – keval Aug 31 '18 at 15:19

I inserted your CRS and coordinatates directly into gdaltransform https://www.gdal.org/gdaltransform.html

``````gdaltransform -t_srs epsg:4326 -s_srs "+proj=lcc +lat_1=37.06666666666667
+lat_2=38.43333333333333 +lat_0=36.5 +lon_0=-120.5 +x_0=2000000 +y_0=500000.0000000002 +ellps=GRS80
+units=us-ft +no_defs"
6091769.359598021 2090180.343520682
-122.124788765566 37.7240393183059 0
``````

But if I remove the `units=us-ft`from the proj4 string the result is

``````6091769.359598021 2090180.343520682
-69.7789972302181 40.583399518226 0
``````

The latter result seems to be the same that you get. BTW. as stated that is not at Antarctica because for Proj.4 the first coordinate is always longitude of easting and the second one latitude or northing.

Maybe in your sript the proj4 string in geodata.crs gets truncated too early. Check the syntax.