There are several methods that I may refer you to:
1. First one is called "Show statistical summary". Symbolized as a Sigma symbol(), placed in the main QGIS working window.
In the appearing window, you just need to choose the layer which you are interested in (population data) and choose the field that you want to explore, seems like
"UN_2015_E". The total number will be calculated just in the row called
The same result can be achieved with
View > Statistical summary
Or as it was already mentioned by @Erik you can proceed with
View > Panels > Statistics Panel
2. There is a Plugin called "Group Stats", see the image below.
3. If you open the Field Calculator, where you can type
sum("UN_2015_E") in the Expression dialogue and get the result as a Preview.
In case if you are dealing not with integer values your expression can be altered as
4. With a hint from @J.R, there is also a possibility with "a Virtual layer" through
Layer > Add Layer > Add/Edit Virtual Layer.
In the Query panel, you just need to type a short statement, see the image below.
In case of not integer values, you can adjust your query as following
5. If you open
Plugins > Python Console you can achieve the result by typing the following command in Python prompt
print(sum(filter(None,[f['UN_2015_E'] for f in qgis.utils.iface.activeLayer().getFeatures()])))
The code above calculates the sum of all
NOT NULL applying a filter.
Additionally, you can also refer to a layer by its name
print(sum(filter(None,[f['UN_2015_E'] for f in QgsProject.instance().mapLayersByName('your_layer_name').getFeatures()])))
6. Using a QGIS domestic statistical geoalgorithms. Search for "Basic statistics for fields" in the
Processing Toolbox. Choose the field
"UN_2015_E" and get the result as
7. And finally it is possible to obtain the summing values via the SAGA's "Field Statistics" tool, which will calculate the sum as one of the parameters.