I've imported a 10 band raster tif using rasterio as ds. I'm attempting to pad the image but keep getting errors with the transform.

pilpadimg = rasterio.pad(ds.read(), transform=ds.transform, pad_width=((0,0),(1,2),(3,4)), mode='reflect')

| 15.00, 0.00, 344117.00|
| 0.00,-15.00, 5082412.00|
| 0.00, 0.00, 1.00|
TypeError                                 Traceback (most recent call last)
<ipython-input-77-9526c3dd4939> in <module>
      1 print(ds.transform)
----> 2 pilpadimg = rasterio.pad(ds.read(), transform=ds.transform.identity(), pad_width=((0,0),(1,2),(3,4)), mode='reflect')

~\AppData\Local\Continuum\anaconda3\envs\pytorch\lib\site-packages\rasterio\__init__.py in pad(array, transform, pad_width, mode, **kwargs)
    279     padded_array = np.pad(array, pad_width, mode, **kwargs)
    280     padded_trans = list(transform)
--> 281     padded_trans[2] -= pad_width * padded_trans[0]
    282     padded_trans[5] -= pad_width * padded_trans[4]
    283     return padded_array, Affine(*padded_trans[:6])

TypeError: can't multiply sequence by non-int of type 'float'

It works great with numpy but there is no transform..

>>> x = np.ones((8,3,3))
>>> np.pad(x, pad_width=((0,0),(1,2),(3,4)), mode='constant', constant_values=0)

pad_width has to be an int and the transform is a float. I converted the transform list to int and still get the same error

EDIT: Fixed by simply using numpy to pad instead of rasterio

pilpadimg = np.pad(ds.read(),pad_width=[(0,0),(1,2),(3,4)], mode='reflect')

1 Answer 1


Rasterio's docs for pad say:

pad_width: int
    number of pixels to pad array on all four sides

So you need to pass a single value, not numpy's sequence of before/after values:

pilpadimg = rasterio.pad(ds.read(), transform=ds.transform, pad_width=42, mode='reflect')
  • Ahh. Based on the numpy documentation I assumed it worked similarly and would take a tuple. Thank you
    – mkmitchell
    Dec 5, 2018 at 14:10
  • I decided to just use numpy. pilpadimg = np.pad(ds.read(),pad_width=[(0,0),(1,2),(3,4)], mode='reflect')
    – mkmitchell
    Dec 5, 2018 at 14:17
  • You can always recalculate the new origin of the affine if you still need georeferencing. Dec 5, 2018 at 14:44
  • That's exactly what I plan to do Marc! Thanks. Time to learn something new.
    – mkmitchell
    Dec 6, 2018 at 14:10

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