I am trying to load a vector file to QGIS Python console.

v_layer = iface.addVectorLayer("G://Consultancy\Data\Transfer\Bodhi (Louis) Gorringe\QGIS\Shapefiles\Biological Shapefiles\Seabirds\At sea densities of gannet in the breeding season\710_br.shp")

Below identifies the error code I always get when I enter this script.

enter image description here

From looking at other examples online it seems that they add a bit at the end of the script within single quote marks ('). As seen in the image below in the red box.

enter image description here

I am aware this is specified for where they have saved their documents, but I am unaware of what the (') columns mean. I feel this is the reason why my vector layer wont load. Can anyone confirm, or know a reason why the vector layer wont loads?

  • 3
    Please remember to include the error text as ASCII in the body of your question. Images are not legible on all devices and are not searchable.
    – Vince
    Jan 31, 2019 at 13:48

2 Answers 2


These are mentioned in the QGIS documentation:

layer = iface.addVectorLayer("/path/to/shapefile/file.shp", "layer name you like", "ogr")

So the parameters are:

  1. Path to shapefile;
  2. The name you want to give to the shapefile when it is loaded;
  3. The name of the vector data source/provider.

Along with @Joseph answer, the shp path has both "/" and "\" characters which will cause other errors. Here are three examples of valid slash path options:

# three valid shp path options
layer = iface.addVectorLayer("C:/path/to/shapefile/file.shp", "layer name you like", "ogr")
layer = iface.addVectorLayer("C:\\path\\to\\shapefile\\file.shp", "layer name you like", "ogr")
layer = iface.addVectorLayer(r"C:\path\to\shapefile\file.shp", "layer name you like", "ogr")
  • will the name of the vector data source/provide most likley be 'ogr'. I am trying to get used to python scripting and some of my shapefiles dont work with 'ogr' ending. How would I identify the data source/provider for individual shapefiles?
    – Louis Tate
    Jan 31, 2019 at 14:34
  • Good question, however I would recommend you post that as a new question in this forum and include any error messages you may receive when using the addVectorLayer() method.
    – artwork21
    Jan 31, 2019 at 14:46
  • Thankyou both, and sounds good to me. Will do it now
    – Louis Tate
    Jan 31, 2019 at 14:47

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