I just created a layer in which I hand drew a lot of polygons.

Now I want to fill out the Attribute table through commands since it will save me a bunch of time.

Therefore, I calculated the area of each polygon using $area/10000 to have the size in ha.

I want to prioritize each area

  • above 10 ha as Prio 1
  • each below 1 ha as Prio 3
  • each in between as Prio 2

Does anyone have a smart solution to the problem?

My closest approach is: IF ("Size ha" > 10, 1, 2)

That however still leaves me with having to distinguish the areas of Prio 2 to Prio 3 manually.

  • Just a general annotation: The expamples given on the different tools in the field calculator are quite useful to picture, how the tools work. – Erik Feb 26 '19 at 10:25

Using the CASE-statement

  WHEN "Size ha" >= 10 THEN 'Prio 1'
  WHEN "Size ha" > 1 AND "Size ha" < 10 THEN 'Prio 2'
  WHEN "Size ha" <= 1 THEN 'Prio 3'

Or as was provided by @Erik, the upper formula can be rewritten using the if-statement

if("Size ha" >= 10, 'Prio 1', if("Size ha" <= 1, 'Prio 3', 'Prio 2'))


  • Ah, thanks. I tried using WHEN clauses, but somehow didnt end up at a fitting result. My command looked different though. I will try it out! – Philip Gatzlaff Feb 26 '19 at 10:23
  • Another possbile solution, though I do not like doublechecks on conditions, they tend to be a bit complicated in my experience. – Erik Feb 26 '19 at 10:23
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    @Taras that is my own judgement, I usually mess up conditions when having to check upper and lower boundaries ;-) – Erik Feb 26 '19 at 10:32
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    @Erik, I think I will happen to me as well. However, when I have for instance 20 conditions I will be lost within a number of parenthesis in If-condition :-) – Taras Feb 26 '19 at 10:35
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    Just create a new column and fill it with CASE formula. – Taras Feb 26 '19 at 10:39

This should work

if($area/10000 > 10,1,if($area/10000 < 1,3,2))

Just a capsuled if-condition, first checking for areas greater 10 ha, then checking for those smaller than 1 ha, then giving everything else Prio 2.


There is no need for the AND in the CASE-WHEN-... construct. Since the first matching result is returned, you can simply make an ascending order of the values you would like to test for:

  WHEN "Size ha" <= 1 THEN 'Prio 3'
  WHEN "Size ha" < 10 THEN 'Prio 2'
  ELSE 'Prio 1'

Note also, that there is no explicit test needed for "Size ha" >= 10.

  • Yes, you right! – Taras Jul 25 '19 at 6:49

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