Since upgrading my "ArcGIS for Desktop" (Windows 7) client to 10.1, I'm having the hardest time trying to figure out how to publish a Map Service on my (CentOS) 10.0 Server. Back on 10.0 Desktop, I would just load up my .mxd, use the Map Service Publishing toolbar to make a .msd, and then FTP the .msd with the data (it's contained in a file geodatabase) to the server and start a new map service in Server Manager. Easy!
Now the "Map Service Publishing" tool has changed into a completely different "Publishing" tool. If I skip the .msd and try to publish just the .mxd with the FGDB, the
map is blank server says the format of the MXD is invalid.
I can't be the only one in this situation, but I don't see any Desktop<->Server compatibility information on 10.0 and 10.1. I don't know if I'm just doing something wrong or the two products really aren't compatible.