I've long had GDAL, proj, etc. installed and working fine for various other related software (e.g., QGIS). Unfortunately, every time R gets updated it tends to lose links to previously installed R libraries. I'm used to this, just a little annoyed, and I try to re-install
rgdal. However, it doesn't work this time.
> install.packages('rgdal') Installing package into ‘/home/arthur/R/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-library/3.5’ (as ‘lib’ is unspecified) trying URL 'https://cloud.r-project.org/src/contrib/rgdal_1.4-3.tar.gz' Content type 'application/x-gzip' length 1687331 bytes (1.6 MB) ================================================== downloaded 1.6 MB * installing *source* package ‘rgdal’ ... ** package ‘rgdal’ successfully unpacked and MD5 sums checked configure: R_HOME: /usr/lib/R configure: CC: gcc -std=gnu99 configure: CXX: g++ configure: C++11 support available configure: rgdal: 1.4-3 checking for /usr/bin/svnversion... yes configure: svn revision: 828 checking for gdal-config... /usr/bin/gdal-config checking gdal-config usability... yes configure: GDAL: 2.2.3 checking GDAL version >= 1.11.4... yes checking GDAL version <= 2.5.0... yes checking gdal: linking with --libs only... yes checking GDAL: gdal-config data directory readable... no checking GDAL: GDAL_DATA data directory readable... configure: error: GDAL data directory not found. ERROR: configuration failed for package ‘rgdal’ * removing ‘/home/arthur/R/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-library/3.5/rgdal’ The downloaded source packages are in ‘/tmp/RtmpdZ7ZWN/downloaded_packages’ Warning message: In install.packages("rgdal") : installation of package ‘rgdal’ had non-zero exit status
Searches online aren't very helpful because most users reporting this kind of error actually didn't have GDAL or a related dependency installed. This problem cropped up on Ubuntu GNU/Linux 18.04 with GDAL version 2.2.3 and R version 3.5.2.