I have a set of roads that I wish to clip. How ever I only need a segment of each road based on the state its located in. I can do this independently but seems like there should be a better way.

Ill try to explain it as best as I can:

I have road A, B AND C. I have states 1, 2 and 3.

All 3 roads run by all each of the states. However, I need to export only the part of road A within state 2, the part of road B within state 1 and the part of road C within state 3.

Hope its not too confusing. In reality i'm dealing with municipalities, not states but I feel this is a simpler way of explaining it.


  • Is the use of 'expression' mandatory ? it's in your title not in the body of your question ... – snaileater Jul 20 at 6:21

Using Expression in QGIS Geometry by Expression tool -


  • Road layername is roads and it has road_no field to represent the road name (A, B, C)
  • State layername is states and it has state_no field (1, 2, 3)

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Start Geometry by expression tool in the QGIS Processing toolbox - Vector geometry

Select your roads layer as input (1), and choose Line as geometry type (2), then click on the epsilon mark (3).

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Try an expression in the Expression Dialog window:

  intersection(geometry(get_feature( 'roads',  'road_no', 'A')),
               geometry(get_feature('states', 'state_no', '2'))),
  intersection(geometry(get_feature( 'roads',  'road_no', 'B')),  
               geometry(get_feature('states', 'state_no', '1')))
  intersection(geometry(get_feature( 'roads',  'road_no', 'C')),  
               geometry(get_feature('states', 'state_no', '3')))

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It will return a new temporally layer, Modified geometry.

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I am not sure if you need the solution using expression only. However I suggest to use the option


this operation in QGIS to generate the lines separately crossing in each state/multiplicity polygons. The lines will have the attributes from the respective state polygon.

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Results as below:

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