My data: 1 polygon layer + 1 point layer
My target: Calculate the number of points and the sum of a field within each polygon using the aggregate function in the QGIS field calculator.

I know I can simply use the QGIS functions Join attributes by location (summary) or Count points in polygon but I´m interested in the aggregate function in the field calculator since I don´t understand exactly its meaning.


aggregate('hh', 'sum', "sum_pop")

'hh' - the name of the point layer
'sum_pop' - the name of the attribute field from the hh layer (sum of the population of a point)

I get the sum of the whole field in the attribute table, so each feature has the same value.


How can I change the code for the aggregate function to calculate the sum of a value based on the number of points in each polygon feature and the number of features within a polygon so I get different values for each polygon?



evaluation error

  • 1
    You need to add a group_by parameter. Does the point layer have a polygon_ID field that tells you which polygon each point belongs to? If so, use "polygon_ID" as the group_by parameter. – csk Jul 29 '19 at 17:54
  • @csk The point layer does not have a field with the polygon affiliation. But using the function Join attributes by location this field can be generated. – Mapos Jul 30 '19 at 9:03
  • What if you try this Calculating point layer values within polygon features in QGIS 2? Disclaimer: it does not use 'Field Calculator' but gives the output that you require. – Taras Jul 30 '19 at 9:25

this expression will count the number of populated places for each country:

aggregate(layer:= 'ne_110m_populated_places', aggregate:='count',
expression:=name, filter:=contains(geometry(@parent), $geometry))

you can use the same expression to get the sum, just change the aggregate to 'sum' and the expression to the field name to summarize.

  • Thank you for your quick response. For point counts the expression functions well (the expression parameter as string needs to be in parentheses). Although I don´t exactly understand the meaning of this expression parameter (in this case "sub expression") since I can write there whatever I want but ok. For 'sum' I just get NULL values (changing the expression parameter to "pop_sum" as the field name) or an error (see above). pop_sum field is integer. – Mapos Jul 30 '19 at 9:16
  • aggregate(layer:= 'hh', aggregate:= 'sum', expression:= 'sum_pop_in', filter:= contains(geometry(@parent), $geometry)) – Mapos Jul 30 '19 at 9:16
  • 1
    the expression should be without any quotation marks: expression:= sum_pop_in – eurojam Jul 30 '19 at 17:38

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