In QGIS I am trying to read raster band data from a specific layer in my Python plug in.

I can easily get access to the layer from the console with something like this.


and I can easily get access to a single random pixel value with something like this.

iface.mapCanvas().layers()[0].dataProvider().sample(QgsPointXY(longitude, <latitude>),1)

but what I want to do is grab the whole band matrix of values. something akin to this.

ds = gdal.Open(iface.mapCanvas().layers()[0].source()) 
band1 = np.array(ds.GetRasterBand(1).ReadAsArray())

but without having to open up the file again.

I assume since the band data is attached to the layer that I must be able to access it somehow, but I've now spent hours reading documentation trying to figure it out only to come up short.

Is there a way to read band data from a raster layer into a numpy array in pyQGIS once I get access to the layer I care about? or is the "open a file using the layer source with GDAL" my best option?

  • 1
    did my solution work for you @Semicolons and Duct Tape? If so, please click the green mark to show others this is an accepted solution – 15Step Aug 6 '19 at 17:16

Here is a function to convert a QgsRasterLayer to a numpy array without GDAL through using the block method of the QgsRasterDataProvider(link):

from numpy import array

def convertRasterToNumpyArray(lyr): #Input: QgsRasterLayer
    provider= lyr.dataProvider()
    block = provider.block(1,lyr.extent(),lyr.width(),lyr.height())
    for i in range(lyr.width()):
        for j in range(lyr.height()):
    return array(values)

lyr = iface.mapCanvas().layers()[0]

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