Currently I am trying to change the icon of a particular feature of a vector layer that the user is focusing on. I add each feature to the map like so:

var point = new OpenLayers.Geometry.Point(pt.lon, pt.lat);
var markerStyle = OpenLayers.Util.extend(OpenLayers.Feature.Vector.style['default'],  {
    externalGraphic: iconURL
var marker = new OpenLayers.Feature.Vector(point, attributes, markerStyle);

Later I do the following to update the feature's icon:

var marker = this.findSelectedMarker();
if (marker) {
    marker.style.externalGraphic = newIconUrl;

But when the layer redraws, all features in my layer use the newIconUrl, not simply the selected marker that I am trying to update.

How can I change the icon of the one selected feature of my layer? Thanks.

3 Answers 3


See my LIVE DEMO. Here is working code:

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> 
<script src="http://openlayers.org/dev/OpenLayers.js"></script>

<script type="text/javascript">
function init(){

    options = {
        div: "map",
        zoom: 2,
        center: [0, 0],
        layers: [
            new OpenLayers.Layer.OSM()
    map = new OpenLayers.Map(options);
    vector = new OpenLayers.Layer.Vector();

    var point1 = new OpenLayers.Geometry.Point(0,0);
    var point2 = new OpenLayers.Geometry.Point(1000000, 1000000);

    marker1 = new OpenLayers.Feature.Vector(point1, null, {
        externalGraphic: "http://www.iconfinder.com/ajax/download/png/?id=73073&s=32",
        graphicWidth: 32,
        graphicHeight: 32,
        fillOpacity: 1

    marker2 = new OpenLayers.Feature.Vector(point2, null, {
        externalGraphic: "http://www.iconfinder.com/ajax/download/png/?id=73066&s=48",
        graphicWidth: 32,
        graphicHeight: 32,
        fillOpacity: 1

    vector.addFeatures([marker1, marker2])

function updateIcon(f) {
    f.style.externalGraphic = "http://www.iconfinder.com/ajax/download/png/?id=73070&s=32";
<body onload="init()"> 
    <div id="map" style="width:640px; height:480px;"></div> 
    <input type='button' value='Update Icon' onClick="updateIcon(marker1)"/>

There were two issues I needed to fix in order to solve this. The first was related to using multiple OpenLayers styles, both at the layer level as well as the individual feature level. I removed the styling for each individual feature, so that only the following layer style was being implemented:

this.layerStyle = new OpenLayers.StyleMap({ 
    'default': {
        externalGraphic: media_url + '${iconURL}',
        graphicHeight: 32,
        graphicWidth: 32,
        graphicXOffset: -16,
        graphicYOffset: -32,
        fillOpacity: 0.75

The second change I made was to use attribute replacement syntax to designate the icon URL with a feature attribute called '${iconURL}'. This allowed me to change the icon url by simply changing an attribute of the selected feature and redraw the layer:

focusedMarker.attributes.iconURL = this.focusedURL;

you can use this code for changing custom style of your selected feature:

vectorLayer.features[x].style.externalGraphic = "'img/map_marker.png'";
vectorLayer.features[x].style.graphicWidth = 16;
vectorLayer.features[x].style.graphicHeight = 26;
vectorLayer.features[x].style.graphicYOffset = -24;
vectorLayer.features[x].style.title = 'selectedFeature';


i hope it helps you...

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