3

I want to extract AOD from the following hd5 file.Would be grateful for any help. Objective is to have a tif file projected in EPSG:4326 with values of all 3 bands.

https://e4ftl01.cr.usgs.gov/MOTA/MCD19A2.006/2018.11.08/MCD19A2.A2018312.h24v06.006.2018314040314.hdf

This is its corressponding xml file

https://e4ftl01.cr.usgs.gov/MOTA/MCD19A2.006/2018.11.08/MCD19A2.A2018312.h24v06.006.2018314040314.hdf.xml

I used gdalinfo on the file. It's output is

Driver: HDF4/Hierarchical Data Format Release 4
Files: MCD19A2.A2018312.h24v06.006.2018314040314.hdf
Size is 512, 512
Coordinate System is `'
Metadata:
  ADDITIONALLAYERS=4
  ALGORITHMPACKAGEACCEPTANCEDATE=TBD
  ALGORITHMPACKAGEMATURITYCODE=Preliminary
  ALGORITHMPACKAGENAME=MOD_PR19
  ALGORITHMPACKAGEVERSION=2.0
  ASSOCIATEDINSTRUMENTSHORTNAME.1=MODIS
  ASSOCIATEDINSTRUMENTSHORTNAME.2=MODIS
  ASSOCIATEDPLATFORMSHORTNAME.1=Terra
  ASSOCIATEDPLATFORMSHORTNAME.2=Aqua
  ASSOCIATEDSENSORSHORTNAME.1=MODIS
  ASSOCIATEDSENSORSHORTNAME.2=MODIS
  AUTOMATICQUALITYFLAG.1=Passed
  AUTOMATICQUALITYFLAGEXPLANATION.1=output file is created and good
  CHARACTERISTICBINANGULARSIZE=30.0
  CHARACTERISTICBINSIZE=926.625433055556
  DATACOLUMNS=1200
  DATAROWS=1200
  DAYNIGHTFLAG=Day
  DESCRREVISION=6.1
  EASTBOUNDINGCOORDINATE=80.83866018158
  EQUATORCROSSINGDATE.1=2018-11-08
  EQUATORCROSSINGLONGITUDE.1=79.0841246879515
  EQUATORCROSSINGTIME.1=05:14:00.440452
  EXCLUSIONGRINGFLAG.1=N
  GEOANYABNORMAL=False
  GEOESTMAXRMSERROR=50.0
  GLOBALGRIDCOLUMNS=43200
  GLOBALGRIDROWS=21600
  GRANULEBEGINNINGDATETIME=2018-11-08T05:05:00.000000Z, 2018-11-08T06:40:00.000000Z, 2018-11-08T06:45:00.000000Z
  GRANULEDAYNIGHTFLAG=Day, Day, Day
  GRANULEENDINGDATETIME=2018-11-08T05:10:00.000000Z, 2018-11-08T06:45:00.000000Z, 2018-11-08T06:50:00.000000Z
  GRANULENUMBERARRAY=63, 82, 83, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1
  GRANULEPOINTERARRAY=0, 1, 2, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1
  GRINGPOINTLATITUDE.1=19.9322184266328, 30.0331140824394, 29.9992886587456, 19.9001686194037
  GRINGPOINTLONGITUDE.1=63.6094781281049, 69.0252637066291, 80.8439676662222, 74.4928631354135
  GRINGPOINTSEQUENCENO.1=1, 2, 3, 4
  HDFEOSVersion=HDFEOS_V2.19
  HORIZONTALTILENUMBER=24
  identifier_product_doi=10.5067/MODIS/MCD19A2.006
  identifier_product_doi=10.5067/MODIS/MCD19A2.006
  identifier_product_doi_authority=http://dx.doi.org
  identifier_product_doi_authority=http://dx.doi.org
  INPUTPOINTER=MODMAIAC1km.A2018312.h24v06.006.2018314035425.hdf, MODMAIAChkm.A2018312.h24v06.006.2018314035439.hdf, MODMAIAC1kmGEO.A2018312.h24v06.006.2018314035444.hdf, MYDMAIAC1km.A2018312.h24v06.006.2018314033528.hdf, MYDMAIAChkm.A2018312.h24v06.006.2018314033537.hdf, MYDMAIAC1kmGEO.A2018312.h24v06.006.2018314033541.hdf
  LOCALGRANULEID=MCD19A2.A2018312.h24v06.006.2018314040314.hdf
  LOCALVERSIONID=SCF V6.0.32
  LONGNAME=MODIS/Terra+Aqua Land Aerosol Optical Depth Daily L2G Global 1km SIN Grid
  MAXIMUMLINEINDEX=1562, 2029, 873, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1
  MAXIMUMOBSERVATIONS=5
  MAXIMUMSAMPLEINDEX=262, 1353, 1353, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1
  MINIMUMLINEINDEX=363, 1599, 0, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1
  MINIMUMSAMPLEINDEX=0, 1198, 1116, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1
  NADIRDATARESOLUTION=1km
  NORTHBOUNDINGCOORDINATE=29.9999999973059
  NUMBEROFINPUTGRANULES=0
  NUMBEROFOVERLAPGRANULES=3
  ORBITNUMBER.1=100479
  ORBITNUMBERARRAY=100479, 100480, 100480, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1
  Orbit_amount=3
  Orbit_time_stamp=20183120505T  20183120645T  20183120815A  
  PARAMETERNAME.1=MODIS MAIAC file
  PGEVERSION=6.0.41
  PROCESSINGCENTER=GSFC
  PRODUCTIONDATETIME=2018-11-10T04:03:14.000Z
  QAPERCENTCLOUDCOVER.1=8
  QAPERCENTGOODQUALITY=56
  QAPERCENTINTERPOLATEDDATA.1=0
  QAPERCENTMISSINGDATA.1=0
  QAPERCENTOTHERQUALITY=36
  QAPERCENTOUTOFBOUNDSDATA.1=36
  RANGEBEGINNINGDATE=2018-11-08
  RANGEBEGINNINGTIME=05:05:00.000000
  RANGEENDINGDATE=2018-11-08
  RANGEENDINGTIME=06:50:00.000000
  REFERENCEORBITNUMBER=100479
  REPROCESSINGACTUAL=reprocessed
  REPROCESSINGPLANNED=further update is anticipated
  SCIENCEQUALITYFLAG.1=Not Investigated
  SCIENCEQUALITYFLAGEXPLANATION.1=See http://landweb.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/QA_WWW/qaFlagPage.cgi?sat=Terra+Aqua&ver=C6 for the product Science Quality status.
  SHORTNAME=MCD19A2
  SOUTHBOUNDINGCOORDINATE=19.9999999982039
  SPSOPARAMETERS=END_OBJECT
  TileID=51024006
  TOTALADDITIONALOBSERVATIONS=1048973
  TOTALOBSERVATIONS=7537634
  VERSIONID=6
  VERTICALTILENUMBER=06
  WESTBOUNDINGCOORDINATE=63.8506663420923
Subdatasets:
  SUBDATASET_1_NAME=HDF4_EOS:EOS_GRID:"MCD19A2.A2018312.h24v06.006.2018314040314.hdf":grid1km:Optical_Depth_047
  SUBDATASET_1_DESC=[3x1200x1200] Optical_Depth_047 grid1km (16-bit integer)
  SUBDATASET_2_NAME=HDF4_EOS:EOS_GRID:"MCD19A2.A2018312.h24v06.006.2018314040314.hdf":grid1km:Optical_Depth_055
  SUBDATASET_2_DESC=[3x1200x1200] Optical_Depth_055 grid1km (16-bit integer)
  SUBDATASET_3_NAME=HDF4_EOS:EOS_GRID:"MCD19A2.A2018312.h24v06.006.2018314040314.hdf":grid1km:AOD_Uncertainty
  SUBDATASET_3_DESC=[3x1200x1200] AOD_Uncertainty grid1km (16-bit integer)
  SUBDATASET_4_NAME=HDF4_EOS:EOS_GRID:"MCD19A2.A2018312.h24v06.006.2018314040314.hdf":grid1km:FineModeFraction
  SUBDATASET_4_DESC=[3x1200x1200] FineModeFraction grid1km (16-bit integer)
  SUBDATASET_5_NAME=HDF4_EOS:EOS_GRID:"MCD19A2.A2018312.h24v06.006.2018314040314.hdf":grid1km:Column_WV
  SUBDATASET_5_DESC=[3x1200x1200] Column_WV grid1km (16-bit integer)
  SUBDATASET_6_NAME=HDF4_EOS:EOS_GRID:"MCD19A2.A2018312.h24v06.006.2018314040314.hdf":grid1km:AOD_QA
  SUBDATASET_6_DESC=[3x1200x1200] AOD_QA grid1km (16-bit unsigned integer)
  SUBDATASET_7_NAME=HDF4_EOS:EOS_GRID:"MCD19A2.A2018312.h24v06.006.2018314040314.hdf":grid1km:AOD_MODEL
  SUBDATASET_7_DESC=[3x1200x1200] AOD_MODEL grid1km (8-bit unsigned integer)
  SUBDATASET_8_NAME=HDF4_EOS:EOS_GRID:"MCD19A2.A2018312.h24v06.006.2018314040314.hdf":grid1km:Injection_Height
  SUBDATASET_8_DESC=[3x1200x1200] Injection_Height grid1km (32-bit floating-point)
  SUBDATASET_9_NAME=HDF4_EOS:EOS_GRID:"MCD19A2.A2018312.h24v06.006.2018314040314.hdf":grid5km:cosSZA
  SUBDATASET_9_DESC=[3x240x240] cosSZA grid5km (16-bit integer)
  SUBDATASET_10_NAME=HDF4_EOS:EOS_GRID:"MCD19A2.A2018312.h24v06.006.2018314040314.hdf":grid5km:cosVZA
  SUBDATASET_10_DESC=[3x240x240] cosVZA grid5km (16-bit integer)
  SUBDATASET_11_NAME=HDF4_EOS:EOS_GRID:"MCD19A2.A2018312.h24v06.006.2018314040314.hdf":grid5km:RelAZ
  SUBDATASET_11_DESC=[3x240x240] RelAZ grid5km (16-bit integer)
  SUBDATASET_12_NAME=HDF4_EOS:EOS_GRID:"MCD19A2.A2018312.h24v06.006.2018314040314.hdf":grid5km:Scattering_Angle
  SUBDATASET_12_DESC=[3x240x240] Scattering_Angle grid5km (16-bit integer)
  SUBDATASET_13_NAME=HDF4_EOS:EOS_GRID:"MCD19A2.A2018312.h24v06.006.2018314040314.hdf":grid5km:Glint_Angle
  SUBDATASET_13_DESC=[3x240x240] Glint_Angle grid5km (16-bit integer)
Corner Coordinates:
Upper Left  (    0.0,    0.0)
Lower Left  (    0.0,  512.0)
Upper Right (  512.0,    0.0)
Lower Right (  512.0,  512.0)
Center      (  256.0,  256.0)

I want to get a GeoTiff projected in EPSG:4326.

I tried using gdalwarp -t_srs "EPSG:4326" HDF4_EOS:EOS_GRID:"MCD19A2.A2018312.h24v06.006.2018314040314.hdf":grid1km: Optical_Depth_055 test.tif

This gave me a tif file which i then visualized in QGIS. You will see a small greenish tint. It looks like the tile has minimized in size.

enter image description here

On checking out the layer properties :

enter image description here

How do i know if the raster is projected as it should have been?

Because when I change the layer properties to the following (Notice setting red band to Band 2)

enter image description here

I get this :

enter image description here

When I use SingleBand Pseudo Colour for raster rendering :

enter image description here

I get this :

enter image description here

Can anyone explain what is going on and why the Raster expands on changing the RGB bands as any of the AOD Bands?

1

Note the difference between band rendering done by QGIS and the actual raster extent and values. The values of your raster remain the same, regardless of the band rendering (Multicolor band, Singleband gray, Paletted unique/values) you select in Layer properties.

If you take your original layer (i.e. HDF4_EOS:EOS_GRID:"MCD19A2.A2018312.h24v06.006.2018314040314":grid1km:Optical_Depth_055) and change it to Singleband gray, it will show you that the raster expands beyond the initial 'triangle' you see in the beginning:

enter image description here

The reason for this is that the default value stretching for Singleband gray is to show all values, from min to maximum using a grayband scale. Have a look here for further options on displaying the raster the way you want:

https://docs.qgis.org/2.18/en/docs/user_manual/working_with_raster/raster_properties.html#band-rendering

Just keep in mind that whatever you choose here doesn't change the raster values. Regarding the projection, GDAL warp is the correct tool to use for reprojecting.

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