I'm trying to do ndvi reclassify in google earth engine. I know exactly how to do it in Arcgis but I'm very new with GEE and I got stuck with javascript. What I want to do is to use mean + standard deviation of ndvi as a threshold. Pixel value between -1 to mean +SD reclassify to 0 and pixel between mean +SD to 1 reclassify to 1. The two classes can be displayed into different colour as a same layer, but ideally I would like to have the "0" area with no colour so I can check how well the "1" area overlaps with vegetation. Here's the code I have worked out so far:

var Blueskin =ee.Image('COPERNICUS/S2/20160721T223713_20160722T000334_T59GMK');
Map.centerObject(Blueskin, 10);
var Color = {bands:['B8','B4','B3'], max: 3000} 
var Mask = ee.FeatureCollection(table);
Mask = Mask.geometry();
var Blueskin = Blueskin.clip(Mask);
var ndvi = Blueskin.normalizedDifference(['B8', 'B4']);
var palette = ['blue', 'white', 'green'];
var ndviParams = {min: -1, max: 1, palette: palette};
Map.addLayer(ndvi, ndviParams, 'NDVI image');

var reducers = ee.Reducer.mean().combine({
  reducer2: ee.Reducer.stdDev(),
  sharedInputs: true

// Use the combined reducer to get the mean and SD of the image.
var stats = ndvi.reduceRegion({
  reducer: reducers,
  bestEffort: true,

// Display the dictionary of band means and SDs.

The aoi is the estuary in the image. I can get the value of mean and SD so I can actually manually set the threshold. But I don't know the code to set the threshold, reclassify pixels with the value lie between the same interval to a same integer (0 or 1) and give each area a colour.

1 Answer 1


There is about a dozen ways to approach this; you could apply clamp, a reducer or simple binary logic:

// Get your mean and std
var mean = ee.Number(stats.get('nd_mean'))
var std = ee.Number(stats.get('nd_stdDev'))
// Apply your ranges and turn into binary image indicating 1 between your defined ranges
var maskImage = ndvi.updateMask(ndvi.lt(mean.add(std))).updateMask(ndvi.gt(mean.subtract(std))).unmask().gt(0)
Map.addLayer(maskImage, {}, 'mask image')
  • Hi @Jobbo90, thanks very much for your answer. I have tried your code and I don't think"var maskImage = ndvi.updateMask(ndvi.lt(mean.add(std))).updateMask(ndvi.gt(mean.subtract(std))).unmask().gt(0)" works as what I expected. I meant to use NDVI mean +1SD as a minimum threshold for reclassification, above the threshold to value 1 reclassify as 1 and below the threshold to value -1 reclassify as 0. I changed a bit of the code to "var maskImage = ndvi.updateMask(ndvi.gt(mean.add(std)));" and it worked as what I expected.
    – Rose Chai
    Jan 12, 2020 at 22:39
  • Hi @Jobbo90, sorry for me having so many simple questions about GEE I'm still really new and trying to learn javascript from scratch. After I made change of that code I can see the black colour regions overlap with the vegetation area in the estuary, but I do notice the coloured regions are not universally black, which means I failed to reclassify the pixel value between ndvi mean+ 1SD to 1 to 1. How can I do reclassification correctly? Thanks.
    – Rose Chai
    Jan 13, 2020 at 2:49
  • Hi, I have solved this problem but I have some new issue. If you are interested please check (gis.stackexchange.com/questions/347335/…). Thanks
    – Rose Chai
    Jan 14, 2020 at 2:39

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