I am working with NetCDF file for analysis of trend. I am using the following codes for analysis of trend..


    I <- brick("I.nc")
    d <- stack(I)
    tsfun = function(x,na.rm){
      return(pwmk(x)[["Sen's Slope"]])

    t <- calc(d, fun=tsfun, na.rm = TRUE)

The above codes are doing good but when I'm replacing [["Sen's Slope"]] with other names it is throwing an error saying "Error in pwmk(x)[["P-value"]] : subscript out of bounds"

The function is stable with only two arguments [["Sen's Slope"]] and [["old. Sen's Slope"]]. I need P-Value, Tau and Z-value. Is there a solution to this?


First, you are using a double bracket where you do not need to and second, it is often better to use a numeric index.

  x <- c(Nile)

Here, if you use a single bracket it returns the desired statistic.


Now, if you use a numeric index you can simplify things a bit. This returns the: "P-value", "Z-value", "Sen's Slope" and "Tau", in that order.

  • Again, the function is only working with Sen's Slope. The raster stack have cells with NA values is that causing a problem? and with the numeric index "Error in setValues(out, x) : values must be numeric, integer, logical or factor" this error is occuring. How can I handle the NA in the function?
    – S.H
    Jan 15 '20 at 0:12
  • tsfun = function(x,na.rm){ if(all(is.na(x))){return(NaN)} return(pwmk(x)["P-value"]) } > t <- calc(d, fun=tsfun, na.rm = F) > t class : RasterLayer dimensions : 129, 135, 17415 (nrow, ncol, ncell) resolution : 0.25, 0.25 (x, y) extent : 66.375, 100.125, 6.375, 38.625 (xmin, xmax, ymin, ymax) coord. ref. : +proj=longlat +datum=WGS84 +ellps=WGS84 +towgs84=0,0,0 data source : in memory names : layer values : NA, NA (min, max)
    – S.H
    Jan 15 '20 at 0:24
  • Since you are writing out to a raster stack, you need to have the same number of NA's as output values (raster layers). Something like: if(all(is.na(x))){ return(rep(NA,4)) } Jan 15 '20 at 2:44

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