I try to load a .osm file into my QGIS project using python.

So I've write this code:

import processing
from qgis.core import *

# Creation of the .osm file, the QuickOSM plugin is needed.
bbox = '795078.7779580103, 795572.1303964029, 5908035.195114954, 5908380.196820124'

alg_params = {
    'EXTENT': bbox,
    'KEY': 'highway',
    'SERVER': 'https://lz4.overpass-api.de/api/interpreter',
    'TIMEOUT': 25,
    'VALUE': ''
query = processing.run('quickosm:buildqueryextent', alg_params)
file = processing.run("native:filedownloader", {'URL':query['OUTPUT_URL'], 'OUTPUT':'TEMPORARY_OUTPUT'})

# Now I try to display the osm data:
vlayer = iface.addVectorLayer(file['OUTPUT'], "lines", "ogr")

The code do not crash, but since an .osm file can contains several different geometry the iface.addVectorLayer() function open this windows:

enter image description here

And I need to manually select the geometry that I want to display (lines, multipolygons...). Is there a way to bypass this windows ? Is there a way to either load all the different geometry or to select the geometry that I'm interested in directly in the iface.addVectorLayer() function ?

2 Answers 2


I've found a solution based on this answer

It's possible to specify the geometry type by adding |layername=my_geometry_type to the file path.

So for example instead of using:

iface.addVectorLayer(r'C:/myfile.osm', "mylines", "ogr")

I can use

iface.addVectorLayer(r'C:/myfile.osm'+'|layername=lines', "mylines", "ogr")

To only load the lines.

  • Yes, this is correct. You need to append the layer name to the file path. There is also in QuickOSM which will open all sublayers in your OSM file.
    – etrimaille
    Jan 26, 2020 at 19:09

your 'file' is the .osm file that is the result of your query.

shp = processing.run('quickosm:openosmfile', {"FILE":file["OUTPUT"]})

shp will be a dictionary with the following values:

enter image description here

then we can store individual layers in different variables. example, here I'm storing the multipolygons of osm buildings in buildingLyr

buildingLyr = shp['OUTPUT_MULTIPOLYGONS']

and finally add that layer to QGIS

QgsProject().instance().addMapLayer(buildingLyr, 'OSM Buildings')

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