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I know this is not a new question, and I know it depends on the context and what I would like to do with the data, but I am still finding it difficult to solve this problem in practice. And I haven't found any good answer online (this question was marked as possible duplicate, but I do not think this is the case, so I have modified my question, I hope it is clearer now).

For example: I have a raster image of modeled atmospheric N deposition for the whole world, with a resolution of 5 by 3.75 degrees. Now I would like to resample it to a finer resolution, say with cubic resampling from GDAL warp.

Atmospheric N deposition, World

EDIT: The reason I want to do this is that I would like to estimate N deposition per country. I understand I am introducing an error when I do any resampling, however as you can see in the image, the pixels are really quite large compared to the size of an average country.

Now I could run a zonal statistics on a world countries vector layer, using this raster image as it is. However, I suspect that my results would be of better quality if I resample the raster image first, to a higher resolution. If I am wrong, than please let me know and I will close this question myself.

Question: Can you please explain what logical steps and reasoning I should follow to decide the new resolution of the raster image? The aim here is to then run a Zonal Statistics on the higher resolution raster image, with a vector layer containing country boundaries.

I would like this to be an example of how to make such a decision, I don't care so much about the answer to this specific case.

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    Please focus your post by including a single question.
    – Aaron
    Commented Feb 12, 2020 at 13:48
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    @ffgg: There's a one question per post-policy, please try to comply with it. Also, your question is rather well researchable, maybe try that first and then ask more specific questions.
    – Erik
    Commented Feb 12, 2020 at 14:04
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    Thanks for the edits, however, I still count 5 questions. This post is likely to be closed by the community unless you can focus in one question.
    – Aaron
    Commented Feb 12, 2020 at 14:05
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    As a general rule you cannot resample a raster to create new data. For example, you cannot resample a precipitation raster to produce more accurate localized data. Resampling to a finer resolution is usually done to align different datasets for further analysis.
    – Aaron
    Commented Feb 12, 2020 at 15:13
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    I agree with @PolyGeo, please edit your question to indicate how yours is different from the linked duplicate. I see the answer in the duplicate as a good solution to your question.
    – Aaron
    Commented Feb 12, 2020 at 21:30

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