I am doing my GIS course term project in which I am integrating 3 kinds of map with index overlay method to see how much heat stress level is on my walking trail. To do it I have the tree canopy shapefile which is polygons with 100 meter distance to the trail and I should convert this vector file to raster to continue working on index overlay method.
The problem is I don't know how to rasterize the tree canopy vector file when I want to consider only the polygons which distance is not more than 10 meter to the trail.
I tried it with "Polygon to Raster" but I don't know what value field should I choose. Moreover if I add a field in the attribute table of my tree canopy how can I specify t calculate the distance between polygons to the path line?