Say in this example, the classified results are: water (2), vegetation (1) and urban (0). I want to extract water only, i.e. pixels with the value 2. I couldn't find a function in GEE that would let me specifically extract out pixels of a certain value, so I tried to carry out the following:

  • utilised .lte() function to extract pixels of value 1 and 0 i.e. not water
  • mask out non-water pixels (i.e. 1 and 0) from the classified results such that only water pixels will show

However, it failed and I'm not sure where I went wrong. So my questions are as follows:

  1. Where did I go wrong with the above workflow?
  2. Is there a more straightforward way to directly extract pixels of a specific value, say in this case 2, without having to go through the hassle of masking etc? What if I wanted pixels within a certain range, say 1-2? Would it be the same function?

Many thanks.

// Make a cloud-free Landsat 8 TOA composite (from raw imagery).
var l8 = ee.ImageCollection('LANDSAT/LC08/C01/T1');

var image = ee.Algorithms.Landsat.simpleComposite({
  collection: l8.filterDate('2018-01-01', '2018-12-31'),
  asFloat: true

// Use these bands for prediction.
var bands = ['B2', 'B3', 'B4', 'B5', 'B6', 'B7', 'B10', 'B11'];

// Load training points. The numeric property 'class' stores known labels.
var points = ee.FeatureCollection('GOOGLE/EE/DEMOS/demo_landcover_labels');

// This property stores the land cover labels as consecutive
// integers starting from zero.
var label = 'landcover';

// Overlay the points on the imagery to get training.
var training = image.select(bands).sampleRegions({
  collection: points,
  properties: [label],
  scale: 30

// Train a CART classifier with default parameters.
var trained = ee.Classifier.smileCart().train(training, label, bands);

// Classify the image with the same bands used for training.
var classified = image.select(bands).classify(trained);

var random = classified.lte(1);
//extracting out pixels less than or equals to 1, i.e. not water
var notWater = classified.updateMask(random);

var onlyWater = classified.updateMask(notWater);

// Display the inputs and the results.
Map.centerObject(points, 11);
Map.addLayer(image, {bands: ['B4', 'B3', 'B2'], max: 0.4}, 'image');
             'not water');
             {min: 0, max: 2, palette: ['red', 'green', 'blue']},
             {},'classified masked with random');

// to display only water pixels 
             'only water');

  • 1
    What do you mean by "extract pixels?" You want a mask or a list of lat,lon pixel centers or something else?
    – Jon
    Apr 28 '20 at 15:34
  • @Jon yup, i was referring to a mask! Apr 28 '20 at 15:36

I'm not completely sure this is exactly what you're asking for:

var onlyWater = classified.updateMask(
  classified.eq(2) // Only keep pixels where class equals 2

var notWater = classified.updateMask(
  classified.neq(2) // Only keep pixels where class not equals 2

If you need to define a range instead, you could do this (doesn't really make sense for this use case, if I get you right, but I'll show it anyway):

var onlyWater = classified.updateMask(

// eq() - equals
// neq() - not equals
// lt() - less than 
// gt() - greater than
// lte() - less than or equals
// gte() - greater than or equals
// and() - logical and
// or() - logical or
  • this was exactly what I was looking for. Thank you! :) Apr 29 '20 at 2:10

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