When I export to PDF or SVG, the layout changes and doesn't look the same as in QGIS. How do I get it right when exporting?
How it looks in qgis and how it should be:
When exporting to PDF:
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Hashed fillings for simple polygon symbologies tend to behave undesirable when exporting images. This is - at least I think - due to the fact that they are based on dots per inch.
Anyway, there is a workaround. Have a look at the following (German) screenshot:
First, use the green plus at the top right of your layers symbology dialogue (first red box) to add a new layer to your symbology.
Secondly, change your symbology layer type from a simple one to a linear filling using the dropdown menu below (second red box).
Thirdly, adjust the linear filling to your liking (roation, line width, colour, space between lines).
Last but not least, for your original symbology, change the filling from "diagonal hashed" to "none".
The second symbology layer is necessary, since linear filling has no border. Now the exported images should be more to your liking.