I need to know how to export a .shp file to .png in Java using geotools.

I found an example here: Convert geojson to png. But I need convert shapefile to PNG.

  • What have you tried so far?
    – Bjorn
    Sep 11 '20 at 12:15

To export any type of GeoTools feature type to an image the process is the same - you read in the features (or coverage) using a DataStore, you then render these features using a Style (often read from an SLD file) and then save the Java Image to a file using ImageIO.

So in your specific case you will need a ShapefileDatastore but there is no need to know that just use DataStoreFinder to look for a DataStoreFactory that can handle your requirements.

HashMap<String, Object> params = new HashMap<>();
params.put(ShapefileDataStoreFactory.URLP.key, URLs.fileToUrl(new File("/home/ian/Data/states/states.shp")));
DataStore ds = DataStoreFinder.getDataStore(params);
SimpleFeatureCollection fc = ds.getFeatureSource(ds.getTypeNames()[0]).getFeatures();

Now to render it:

MapContent mapContent = new MapContent();
Style style = SLD.createSimpleStyle(features.getSchema());
Layer layer = new FeatureLayer(features, style);

Then we need to call the Renderer on that mapContent to draw it to the Image:

File outputFile = new File("states.png");
try (FileOutputStream fileOutputStream = new FileOutputStream(outputFile);
    ImageOutputStream outputImageFile = ImageIO.createImageOutputStream(fileOutputStream);) {

  int w = 1000;
  ReferencedEnvelope bounds = fc.getBounds();
  int h = (int) (w * (bounds.getHeight() / bounds.getWidth()));
  BufferedImage bufferedImage = new BufferedImage(w, h, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_ARGB);
  Graphics2D g2d = bufferedImage.createGraphics();


  mapContent.getViewport().setScreenArea(new Rectangle(Math.round(w), Math.round(h)));

  g2d.setRenderingHint(RenderingHints.KEY_ANTIALIASING, RenderingHints.VALUE_ANTIALIAS_ON);

  Rectangle outputArea = new Rectangle(w, h);

  GTRenderer renderer = new StreamingRenderer();
  LabelCacheImpl labelCache = new LabelCacheImpl();
  Map<Object, Object> hints = renderer.getRendererHints();
  if (hints == null) {
    hints = new HashMap<>();
  hints.put(StreamingRenderer.LABEL_CACHE_KEY, labelCache);
  renderer.paint(g2d, outputArea, bounds);
  ImageIO.write(bufferedImage, "png", outputImageFile);
} catch (IOException ex) {

Running this will produce an image like this:

enter image description here

If you want more colour you need to produce a Style object either by reading in an existing SLD file or by using StyleBuilder both of which are covered in the user manual.

  • sorry for not having much idea about this but it generates the .png file fine but does not allow me to open it. Any solution for this? - Im using version 23.2 of geotools
    – Re1ease
    Sep 11 '20 at 13:33
  • what are you using to try and open it?
    – Ian Turton
    Sep 11 '20 at 16:39

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