From a polygon shape I create a square buffer to create a sattelite image of my location. The shape is defined as a .shp file that I read with geopandas.

I'd like to display the image AND the shape on the same graph using matplotlib, the finale result should look like that :

enter image description here

I manage to display and stretch the image on a matplotlib figure

with rio.open(file) as f:
    data = f.read([1, 2, 3], masked=True)
    bands = [] 
    for i in range(3):
        band = data[i]
        h_, bin_ = np.histogram(band[np.isfinite(band)].flatten(), 3000, density=True) #remove the NaN from the analysis
        cdf = h_.cumsum() # cumulative distribution function
                    cdf = 3000 * cdf / cdf[-1] # normalize
        # use linear interpolation of cdf to find new pixel values
        band_equalized = np.interp(band.flatten(), bin_[:-1], cdf)
        band_equalized = band_equalized.reshape(band.shape)
    data = np.stack( bands, axis=0 )

    data = data/3000
    data = data.clip(0, 1)
    data = np.transpose(data,[1,2,0])
    i = year - start_year
    ax = axes[getPositionPdf(i)[0], getPositionPdf(i)[1]]
    ax.imshow(data, interpolation='nearest')
    #[...] unrelevant display customization

But I don't know how to display the shape on top of it. Does anyone know how to perform this trick?

1 Answer 1


Look at What is meaning of scale on x and y axis of image using matplotlib

A point vector shapefile (cartesian projection):

 import geopandas as gpd
 df = gpd.read_file("points.shp")
 df['x'] = df.geometry.x
 df['y'] = df.geometry.y
    id         geometry                    x               y
 0  1   POINT (203734.167 89573.589)    203734.166875   89573.588721
 1  2   POINT (203981.632 89261.402)    203981.631683   89261.402347

fig, ax = plt.subplots()

enter image description here

A raster:

a) with GDAL (cartesian projection)

  from osgeo import gdal 
  ds = gdal.Open(dem)
  data = ds.ReadAsArray()
  # plot the raster
  fig, ax = plt.subplots()
  img = ax.imshow(data)

enter image description here

We can see that we can't plot the points on the image, but if we compute the real extension of the raster (using the result of gdal geotransform) for matplotlib extent:

 gt = ds.GetGeoTransform()     
 extent = (gt[0], gt[0] + ds.RasterXSize * gt[1],gt[3] + ds.RasterYSize * gt[5], gt[3])
 fig, ax = plt.subplots()
 img = ax.imshow(data, extent=extent, origin='upper')

enter image description here

b) with rasterio (using directly rasterio transform)

import rasterio
from rasterio.plot import show
ds = rasterio.open(dem)
fig, ax = plt.subplots()
show(ds2.read(), transform=ds2.transform, ax=ax)

enter image description here

  • I extraxted the extents directly from rasterio with extent = [ f.bounds.left, f.bounds.right, f.bounds.bottom, f.bounds.top ] Sep 24, 2020 at 13:17

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