I am trying to conduct kriging of variable called percent in South Africa.


     Location Longitude  Latitude   percent
    1       L1  16.48476 -28.60737 1.0000000
    2       L3  16.90045 -29.24154 1.0000000
    3       L4  16.99268 -28.44906 0.6363636
    4       L5  17.06871 -29.67825 1.0000000
    5       L6  17.09935 -29.00169 0.6000000
    6       L7  17.25630 -28.82418 1.0000000

I got the grid as follows:

       SAgrd <- makegrid(SApol_border, n = 1000)
       colnames(SAgrd) <- c('lon','lat')

    SAgrd_pts <- SpatialPoints(coords = SAgrd, 

    SAgrd_pts_in <- SAgrd_pts[SApol_border, ]

enter image description here

# change to shorter name and transform 
        SA.grid = SAgrd_pts_in

# transform grid to s.pix.d.f.

# Ordinary kriging, no new_data object (automap)
# obtain a spdf

        coordinates(LL12) <- ~ Longitude + Latitude
        LL12spdf <- LL12  # indicate the data is a spdf

        krigLL12 = autoKrige(percent~1, LL12spdf)

thus far, good. The above renders a graphic. enter image description here

However I want to obtain a better graphic where the points are within the frame boundaries/shape of the country. Then I fit a variogram with automap:

    LL12vgm <- autofitVariogram(percent~1, LL12spdf) 

Then use the fitted variogram and the grid in ordinary kriging (https://rdrr.io/cran/automap/man/autoKrige.html):

    L12_am_krg = autoKrige(percent~1, LL12spdf, SA.grid)

however I get the following error message:

Error in autoKrige(percent ~ 1, LL12spdf, SA.grid) : 
  Either input_data or new_data is in LongLat, please reproject.
   input_data:  NA 
   new_data:    +proj=longlat +ellps=WGS84 +towgs84=0,0,0,0,0,0,0 +no_defs 
In addition: Warning messages:
1: In proj4string(new_data) :
  CRS object has comment, which is lost in output
2: In proj4string(new_data) :
  CRS object has comment, which is lost in output
3: In showSRID(uprojargs, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO") :
  Discarded datum Unknown based on WGS84 ellipsoid in CRS definition,
 but +towgs84= values preserved

Then I tried using gstat and the fitted variogram :

      L12.kriged <- krige(percent ~ 1, LL12spdf, SA.grid, model=LL12vgm$var_model)

and I get the following error message 1 NA 1 "+proj=longlat +ellps=WGS84 +towgs84=0,0,0,0,0,0,0 +no_defs"

Error in predict.gstat(g, newdata = newdata, block = block, nsim = nsim,  : 
  var1 : data item in gstat object and newdata have different coordinate reference systems
In addition: Warning messages:
1: In proj4string(newdata) :
  CRS object has comment, which is lost in output
2: In proj4string(newdata) :
  CRS object has comment, which is lost in output

I would prefer to use the automap for its simplicity. It looks like I need to reformat the grid file but I cannot figure out how. I am a novice in these topics.

  • I tried the following crs(SAG) <- NA , eliminating the crs from the grid file (changed the name to SAG) , and the structure of this SpatialPixels df SAG shows ..@ proj4string:Formal class 'CRS' [package "sp"] with 1 slot , just like my spdf, meuse file as spdf, and muese grid file. .. .. ..@ projargs: chr NAows the structure shows,but still get error message : Error in validObject(.Object) : invalid class “SpatialPointsDataFrame” object: number of rows in data.frame and SpatialPoints don't match – Maria Eugenia D'Amato Oct 1 '20 at 13:16

I managed to get both krige (gstat) and autoKrige (automap) to work erasing the ref sysyem form the grid file and getting a SpatialPixels file as follows:

    SAg <- makegrid(SApol_border, n = 1000)
    colnames(SAg) <- c('Longitude','Latitude')

    SAg_pts <- SpatialPoints(coords = SAg, 

    SAg_pts_in <- SAg_pts[SApol_border, ]
    class(SAg_pts_in) # Spatial Points
    crs(SAg_pts_in) # check coord ref system
    crs(SAg_pts_in) <- NA
    class(SAg_pts_in)  # [1] "SpatialPoints"
                         [1] "sp"

    SAgrd <- as(SAg_pts_in, "SpatialPixels") 

    L12_am_krg = autoKrige(percent~1, LL12spdf, SAgrd)

enter image description here

    L12.kriged <- krige(percent ~ 1, LL12spdf, SAgrd, model=LL12vgm$var_model)

enter image description here

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