I am looking for a way to replace all "NULL"-Values throughout multiple rows/ all "NULL"-Values in an attribute table. The table is from a SHP-File (shapefile).

Is there any easy way? Right now I am selecting then by hand and replace them row by row which takes quite some time. I have already tried to look up a solution, however as I want to replace them in the whole table it seems to be not that easy.

NULL values

  • Sorry, yes it is QGIS. Datasource is a Shapefile/ .SHP (i have merged multiple shape files into one). thanks a lot
    – Corninski
    Commented Oct 22, 2020 at 14:34
  • 1
    How many columns exist in your database? What value(s) will replace the NULLS? For a given column, will that new value be the same, or different for every record in the database? Will the new value be the same, or different, for every column in your database?
    – Stu Smith
    Commented Oct 22, 2020 at 15:19
  • What is the data type of all those fields?
    – Bera
    Commented Oct 22, 2020 at 16:45
  • gis.stackexchange.com/questions/79627/… Commented Oct 23, 2020 at 12:43
  • Do you actually mean columns when speaking of rows?
    – MrXsquared
    Commented Nov 3, 2020 at 18:59

2 Answers 2


This should work with text and numeric fields. Backup your data first..

layer = QgsProject.instance().mapLayersByName('replacenulls_backup')[0]
fs = layer.fields()
d = {e:0 if f.isNumeric() else '0' for e,f in enumerate(fs)}

with edit(layer):
    for row in layer.getFeatures():
        data = row.attributes()
        for i, val in enumerate(data):
            if val == NULL:

enter image description here

  • I had to replace fs=lyr.fields() with fs=layer.fields() but it did just what I needed. Very nice. As suggested have a backup since it changed the attributes in the layer instead of creating a new in memory layer or it gave me an AssertionError if I put the layer in an edit session before running.
    – John
    Commented Nov 3, 2020 at 15:45
  • @BERA, can you be so kind and criticize the code I wrote. Can you please give me a suggestion or a recommendation on how to make it better. Thank you.
    – Taras
    Commented Nov 30, 2020 at 9:24
  • 1
    I'm no expert on pyqgis. If it is working and is understandable it's good :). I thought assigning string fields with 0 and not '0' would cause errors but apparently not. You could replace the start/stop editing with a with edit(lines_null):
    – Bera
    Commented Dec 1, 2020 at 8:57

A solutions with no programming required.

Let's assume there is a polyline layer 'line' (blue) with its attribute table accordingly, see image below.


Deploy the "Refactor fields" geoalgorithm. Unfortunately it has a disadvantage, filling the 'Source expression' with a Conditional Function is still necessary, i.e.



and get the output


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