# How to buffer a point by cardinal distances to create a polygon?

I am trying to buffer a point by distances in a table to create a polygon or line for example

For a point with known x,y

buffer based on the following radius: North= 20m East= 21.5m South= 14m West= 26m

Despite trying I haven't been successful does anyone know if this is possible?

Yes am trying to create a circle type shape from the four cardinal points.

• Are these the corners of the polygon, or are you connecting these points using arcs? Commented Oct 28, 2012 at 21:28
• In case of arcs, it can be done manually in AutoCAD, if you have just a few points. Commented Oct 29, 2012 at 0:08
• Sorry I wasnt able to do this QGIS came up with an error as shown? I have tried a few different ways. I should have said I am trying to make a circular shape out of this the method would probably work. Thanks James Commented Oct 30, 2012 at 0:37
• Can you post a link to an illustration of what you're trying to do? It is rather confusing right now. Are you trying to create a best circle from the four points?
– R.K.
Commented Oct 30, 2012 at 2:57
• Are you trying to do something like this? Dispersion of pollutant? Commented Nov 1, 2012 at 0:52

Not the most elegant solution, but you could use a spreadsheet to calculate WKT (Well-Known Text) descriptions of your vertices, then import them as a geographic shape. For example, in Excel or OpenOffice, create a set of columns with the centre point coordinates (x and y) and the N/S/E/W distances you mention:

``````Point    x    y    N    S    E    W
Alpha    100  155  20   14   21.5 26
``````

Then, make a column called WKT and use an equation to build the WKT string:

``````="POLYGON(("&B2&" "&(C2+D2)&", "&(B2+F2)&" "&C2&", "&B2&" "&(C2-E2)&", "&(B2-G2)&" "&C2&", "&B2&" "&(C2+D2)&"))"
``````

Save as a tab-delimited text file, then use the "Delimited text" plugin to import the text file. The plugin should recognise the WKT field, and add the geometry as a layer.

• @user12309, I now see (from the added comment) you're looking for a circular shape, so this won't help. Commented Nov 1, 2012 at 5:14
• This is an example of what I am trying to do. dl.dropbox.com/u/36153074/GIS%20query.jpg Commented Nov 14, 2012 at 1:41
• You can smooth edges of polygon using Peak algorithm in arcgis but that needed advanced licence. But you can search similar functionality in qgis. Commented Nov 26, 2016 at 7:23