This question seems naive at first glance, but it's subtle. I was recently pondering... How does QGIS actually represent maps and features when we select the 'WGS84' CRS at the project level?
I surprisingly cannot find the information here; https://docs.qgis.org/3.16/en/docs/user_manual/working_with_projections/working_with_projections.html (neither in the software itself).
In other words, what is QGIS default 'under-the-hood' projection used when WGS84 is selected for a project?
Fig. 1: WGS84 selected as the project CRS to render an OpenStreetMap background map - my screen is definitely not ellipsoidally shaped.
This question can obviously extend to any other GIS piece of software, so instead of asking for each, if in addition you can tell if it exists a standard which is (almost) always used when displaying WGS84 material on a flat screen, that would be even better to know. It seems that it is not 'embedded' in the WGS84 CRS itself (which is a good thing) as per; https://epsg.org/crs_4326/WGS-84.html?sessionkey=3gcvw501ip and:
$ projinfo epsg:4326 PROJ.4 string: +proj=longlat +datum=WGS84 +no_defs +type=crs WKT2_2018 string: GEOGCRS["WGS 84", DATUM["World Geodetic System 1984", ELLIPSOID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563, LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]]], PRIMEM["Greenwich",0, ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]], CS[ellipsoidal,2], AXIS["geodetic latitude (Lat)",north, ORDER, ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]], AXIS["geodetic longitude (Lon)",east, ORDER, ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]], USAGE[ SCOPE["unknown"], AREA["World"], BBOX[-90,-180,90,180]], ID["EPSG",4326]]
This still remains a Geographic space for me, but which is in 2D only, so how does it actually goes to my flat screen 2D Cartesian space?
Note; I intuitively think it's using an equidistant cylindrical (Plate Carrée) (a.k.a. equirectangular projection) projection, but I definitely wish to strike out that 'intuitively' word from the current sentence.
More on this projection: https://proj.org/operations/projections/eqc.html
This is a parenthesis, but I also think it would be a nice feature to see in a user-friendly way whether a CRS is a Geographic one or a Projected one. For the moment one has to watch to the WKT string to figure it out:
In my researches, I found this useful article on the ESRI blog:
[-180,-90 : 180,90]and scale is computed from the pixel at the center of the canvas (look at the scale if you just move a little). So, the bounding box is a rectangle and every coordinate is plot where it is. I think it's no more complicated.