I have been trying to make a raster of regression values between reflectance value vs input data at each pixel position in a collection (So, for example the R^2 relationship between daily average precipitation and reflectence value at every pixel position within a given extent). I have tried doing this by filtering MODIS by a list of dates and applying a constant band to each image with a respective input daily data value from CSV data, but I am having trouble extracting a specific CSV value for an individual date and applying it to an individual, respective image. The following code has returned the error "single positional indexer is out-of-bounds" when using the python Google Earth Engine API :

    import numpy as np
    import pandas as pd
    import ee
    df['DateMillis'] = df['datetime'].astype(np.int64) / int(1e6)
    date = ee.List(dates).map(lambda date: ee.Date(date).millis());
    def maskModisClouds(image):
        return image.updateMask(image.select('state_1km').bitwiseAnd(1 << 10).eq(0))
    def timeband(image):
         return image.addBands(image.metadata('system:time_start'))
    def databand(image):
        return image.updateMask(ee.Image(((df.loc[df['DateMillis']==image.get('system:time_start'),'Data']).iloc[0])).addBands(image))
    col = ee.ImageCollection('MODIS/006/MOD09GQ').filter(ee.Filter.inList("system:time_start", date));
    Image = col.filterBounds(ROI);

1 Answer 1


Your code is improperly mixing client-side and server-side objects. I can't tell what your databand function is trying to do, but it's not possible, for instance to map a function using "==".

For more information, see: https://developers.google.com/earth-engine/guides/client_server

  • Thanks for the response! I suspected that was the case. The databand function is basically (attempting) to call a data value from a csv from a date equaling the image capture date/time and adding that data value as a constant band to the respective image... Next step would be to do linear regression between reflectance band and datavalue constant band throughout a collection at every position... Commented Feb 15, 2021 at 18:45

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