As in ArcGIS, CTRL+CLICK, ALT+CLICK, SHIFT+CLICK works for multiple selection of layers, I didn't find a similar one in QGIS. Is there any?
You can select the layers and go the menu
View / Hide selected layers.
You can also set a keyboard shortcut to the
show/hide selected layers functions: go to the menu
Settings \ Keyboard shortcuts and search for
show selected layers and
hide selected layers and then you can assign the shortcuts of your choice