Is there a way to render overlapping polygons without holes in multipolygon in Leaflet?

I found Leaflet has an open issue.


I am asking because I have a bound polygon that contains inner polygons.

enter image description here

I would need to drag them all together, but it doesn't work in canvas mode. It could work if I can render this as a multipolygon. This is a follow-up question on my previous question and cross-post from SO.

  • 2
    A valid simple feature MultiPolygon cannot have overlapping parts. That does not prevent Leaflet from dealing with them. I do not know if it is possible.
    – user30184
    Commented Mar 4, 2021 at 8:16

1 Answer 1


I'll just copy-paste my response to Leaflet bug #6173 :

I'm reading the OGC's Simple Feature Access specification (again), to remind myself about the formal definitions of Polygons and MultiPolygons. Let me quote page 31:

6.1.14 MultiPolygon
A MultiPolygon is a MultiSurface whose elements are Polygons.
The assertions for MultiPolygons are as follows.
a) The interiors of 2 Polygons that are elements of a MultiPolygon may not intersect.

Heck, it even comes with pretty pictures: enter image description here So, MultiPolygons which have overlapping members are not valid MultiPolygons. As such, I think Leaflet has no obligation to handle that invalid case.

See also #3763 (comment) (re: fillRule option for SVG renderer).

  • Thanks for your answer. I understand that multipolygon with overlapping polygons is not a valid polygon. However, I am wondering if there is a way to deal with that. I tried fillRule: 'nonzero' but it doesn't make any difference codesandbox.io
    – Matt
    Commented Mar 4, 2021 at 13:42
  • 1
    Well, duh, the way to deal to invalid overlapping (multi)polygons is to turn them into valid geometries. Whether that needs a union approach or a difference approach depends on your use case and it's up to you (and not up to Leaflet). Otherwise, this is a case of GIGO. Commented Mar 4, 2021 at 14:19

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